Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

Student’s name

Course name and number

Instructor’s name

Date

Global Health Comparison Grid Template

Global Healthcare Issue  

HIV/AIDS

Description HIV is one of the world’s most serious health and development challenges. The World Health Organization estimates that currently, about 30 million people are living with HIV, while tens of millions have succumbed to it since it first emerged (WHO, 2016).Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

No cure has been found for the virus but tremendous strides have been made regarding research into possible vaccines. Currently, the virus is managed by the administration of anti-retroviral drugs (ARVs) and advocating for preventive measures such as behavior change programs, use of condoms, abstinence, and male circumcision.

Global efforts to combat the epidemic were launched with the establishment of the United Nations Program on AIDS (UNAIDS) in 1987.

The Global Fund, dedicated to combating AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria and the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals are other global initiatives against AIDS. Besides, there are regional as well as country-specific initiatives aimed at combating further spread of the epidemic.

Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

Country United States

 

Kenya
Describe the policy in each country related to the identified healthcare issue  

The US has several policies aimed at fighting the epidemic both globally and locally. However, the National HIV/AIDS Strategy which was launched by President Barack Obama in 2010 remains one of the boldest steps to combat the epidemic. The objectives of the strategy are; reduction of new HIV infections; improving health outcomes for HIV patients; increasing access to healthcare; eliminating disparities and inequalities for people living with HIV/AIDS; and synchronization of response to HI/AIDS (De Jesus & Williams, 2018).

Kenya enacted the HIV Prevention and Control Act in 2006 with several objectives regarding the fight against the spread of HIV/AIDS. The act was established to; promote public awareness about causes, modes of transmission, effects, means of prevention and control of HIV; promote safety and universal precautions in practices and procedures that carry the risk of HIV transmission; protection of human rights of individuals suspected or known to be infected with the virus; and address and eradicate conditions that aggravate the spread of HIV infections (Nyaga et al., 2010).
What are the strengths of this policy? The strengths of the policy include; reduction in stigmatization rates for people living with HIV, support for research in drug and vaccine development; and making HIV treatment and healthcare affordable to the masses (De Jesus & Williams, 2018).Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

 

Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

 

 

 

 

With the act in place, various strides have been made to combat the virus. Some of them include; provision of free HIV/AIDS screening tests to determine the extent of prevalence, reductions of mother-to-child infections; reduction in HIV-related morbidity and mortality rates, and improved healthcare services for HIV patients.

The policy has also advocated for increased public awareness and knowledge about the epidemic. With this, discrimination and stigmatization related to the disease have significantly reduced (Nyaga et al., 2010).

What are the weaknesses of this policy? The weaknesses of the strategy include; failure to quantify the population size of unmet service needs and failure to provide steps towards addressing the existing barriers to care and treatment that are pervasive in the country (De Jesus & Williams, 2018).

 

 

 

Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

 

 

 

 

 

 

The policy has not attained much regarding the elimination of social and economic inequalities and cultural barriers to HIV/AIDS prevention (Nyaga et al., 2010).Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper
Explain how the social determinants of health may impact the specified global health issue. (Be specific and provide examples)

 

Social determinants of health continue to impact HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment in the US. Notable social determinants of health in the US include poverty, racial discrimination, and unequal access to healthcare.

For example, studies indicate that Africa-Americans have a higher probability of contracting the virus and due to poverty they are also highly likely to die from the virus more than the white majority (Singh et al, 2017).

In Kenya, social determinants of health affecting the war on HIV include high poverty levels, illiteracy, and stigma.

Many rural populations are nor educated and find it difficult to comprehend HIV prevention measures hence leading to an increase in new infections.

Poverty levels are also high hence HIV prevalence among the poor such as fishing communities and commercial sex workers are high. Poverty also limits access to healthcare.

How has each country’s government addressed cost, quality, and access to the selected global health issue? The government has increased its testing capacity by targeting to test all people within the 15-65 age brackets annually despite their status. The Medicare program also covers pregnant mothers and people outside of the above age bracket hence increasing testing and access to health care at no additional cost (Pellowski et al., 2013).

 

 

 

Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

 

 

 

 

 

 

HIV/AIDS testing, treatment, and management services in public hospitals and health facilities are provided free of charge. The National Hospital Insurance Fund also covers medication for HIV patients in appointed health facilities.
How has the identified health policy impacted the health of the global population? (Be specific and provide examples) The policy is in line with global efforts to combat the virus through prevention, care, diagnosis, support, and treatment of the virus. This is also in tandem with other governments’ and health authorities’ initiatives.

 

 

 

Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

 

 

 

 

 

Government efforts have promoted the dissemination of information on the epidemic and also participated in research to find possible cure and vaccination against the virus hence augmenting global efforts. It has also collaborated with other governments and NGOs fighting the epidemic.
Describe the potential impact of the identified health policy on the role of nurses in each country. The role of the nurse in the US has been expanded with the health strategy. Being frontline workers, nurses are charged with creating public awareness, attending to HIV patients, and offering the necessary support. They are also heavily involved in policy formulation (Burke, 2016).

 

 

 

Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

 

 

 

 

 

The nurse is the first contact that a patient encounters when visiting a health facility. With the act coming into force, the role of the nurse has expanded particularly regarding treatment and public awareness.  They have also been at the center of the war against stigmatization and discrimination.
Explain how global health issues impact local healthcare organizations and policies in both countries. (Be specific and provide examples) Global health issues exert significant pressure on local health institutions and government policies. For example, the outbreak of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the US forced the government to move with speed to formulate appropriate policies to tackle the health problem. Funding for the State Department of Health had to also increase to help in prevention and research efforts. In 2017 for instance, the Center for Disease Control spent about $340 million for the prevention of HIV (Biesma et al., 2018).

 

 

Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In Kenya, the outbreak of HIV/AIDS increased government expenditure on the prevention and treatment of HIV. It also generated a significant increase in the overall burden of disease. Besides, primary healthcare was also significantly weakened by the epidemic. Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper
General Notes/Comments The policy continues to attain its intended purpose.

 

 

 

 

 

Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

 

 

 

 

 

The policy has helped the country to make tremendous strides in combating the spread of HIV although several challenges have been encountered. Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

As a nurse leader, it is my responsibility to assess situations surrounding important health issues and advocate for justice and equality. To succeed in this respect, I would need to partner with lawmakers and inter-professional leaders to help in identifying, implementing, and evaluating a strength-based approach that engages all stakeholders in addressing global health issues.

Nurses exert a significant influence on the everyday lives of people and their health. Incorporating a global perspective or lens to one’s local practice will enable nurse leaders to apply their knowledge and skills to address issues affecting population health across local communities. Incorporating a global perspective into the local practice results in social change in several ways. For example, nurse leaders using global perspectives in their practice may significantly help vulnerable and underserved populations in accessing healthcare.Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper

Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper References

  1. Biesma, R. G., Brugha, R., Harmer, A., Walsh, A., Spicer, N., & Walt, G. (2018). The effects of global health initiatives on the US health systems: a review of the evidence from HIV/AIDS control. Health policy and planning24(4), 239-252.
  2. Burke, S. (2016). Influence through policy: Nurses have a unique role. Reflections on Nursing Leadership.
  3. Curtis, E. A., de Vries, J., & Sheerin, F. K. (2011). Developing leadership in nursing: exploring core factors. British Journal of Nursing20(5), 306-309.
  4. De Jesus, M., & Williams, D. R. (2018). The Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project: a call for more focus on the social determinants of HIV/AIDS. Public Health Reports133(2_suppl), 28S-33S.
  5. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS. (2002). Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. UNAIDS.
  6. Nyaga, R. K., Kimani, D. N., Mwabu, G., & Kimenyi, M. S. (2010). HIV/AIDS in Kenya: A review of research and policy issues. Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA).
  7. Pellowski, J. A., Kalichman, S. C., Matthews, K. A., & Adler, N. (2013). A pandemic of the poor: Social disadvantage and the US HIV epidemic. American Psychologist68(4), 197.
  8. Singh, G. K., Daus, G. P., Allender, M., Ramey, C. T., Martin, & Vedamuthu, I. P. (2017). Social determinants of health in the United States: addressing major health inequality trends for the nation, 1935-2016. International Journal of MCH and AIDS6(2), 139.
  9. World Health Organization. (2016). Global health sector strategy on HIV 2016-2021. Towards ending AIDS (No. WHO/HIV/2016.05). World Health Organization.Example Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Paper
mersin escmersin esc