BHA FPX 4108 Assessment Instructions Inventory Papers

Community Health Needs

Characteristics of the Community

Communities exist within a set of populations and are distinguished by various forms of unique characteristics. For instance, a community can be distinguished by the natural resources surrounding it, such as water bodies, forests, or even land. People of a certain age group community based on that natural feature. Other features that distinguish a community include economic status, traditions, income, race, and ethnicity. For example, people who live in Missouri City, Texas, can be classified as a community because they practice certain common traditions and activities. This paper analyses the health needs of Missouri City. Missouri City is a city in Texas, USA and exists within Houston-The Woodlands metropolitan area. 33% of Missourians are white alone, while Black African Americans alone constitute 41.9% of the population as of 2019; the city had a total population of 74557 people residing within 78.72 square kilometers (United States Census Bureau, 2019).

Healthcare Improvement needs of the Community

A recent health issue that has affected most communities is the coronavirus (COVID-19). Despite the efforts of both national and international bodies to minimize its spread and general effect on the population, the pandemic continues to kill many people and affect many families. With the constantly increasing rates of COVID-19, the Missouri City community requires more health facilities and equipment, such as staff, supplies, and hospital bed capacities. As a predominantly minority population, the Missouri City community is especially in need of additional healthcare equipment and facilities because of the health inequalities it faces as a minority community.

The virus has penetrated across the community, and most hospitals within the community are in desperate need for equipment and general supplies. Due to the increased number of patients requiring hospital admissions, the hospital requires additional bed capacity. They also need additional COVID-19 prevention equipment, such as masks, IV fusion pumps, and ventilators.

More importantly, community health centers need additional healthcare staff because as the number of patients increases, the ratio of healthcare providers to patients worsens (Zanettini et al., 2020). This issue is amplified partly by the fact that apart from COVID-19 patients, the hospitals still receive patients with other healthcare needs.

Engagement of Community Stakeholders

The community stakeholders are typically those involved in addressing the community’s challenges and issues. Some of the most prominent stakeholders include the healthcare organizations, the government, the citizens, and the community agencies. Each of them is responsible for ensuring the safety, health, and well-being of the community, including protecting the community against pandemics such as COVID-19.  Because of this, the stakeholders must be aware of the health issue and are providing the necessary support (Gonzalez et al., 2020).

The most crucial stakeholder in the health issue of COVID-19 is the local government. All state governments should take various measures to contain the spread of COVID-19 and minimize its impact on the community. One of the most important steps taken so far by the local government to contain COVID-19 among the Missouri City community is the allocation of money to improve the delivery of healthcare systems, provide the necessary personal protection equipment and improve the hospitals’ capacity (Bruns et al., 2020). The Texas state government has also made a considerable effort to assist those who are most vulnerable to COVID-19, including the elderly and those with underlying health conditions such as cancer and diabetes. Zanettini et al. (2020) observed that by protecting the most vulnerable from COVID-19, communities can minimize the spread and effect of the pandemic, especially regarding the costs incurred by families to treat their loved ones, as well as the burden of caring for their loved ones. However, one of the most significant challenges experienced by the local government is enforcing the COVID-19 containment measures such as social distancing and quarantine. These challenges can be addressed by educating patients on the importance of observing the containment measures.

Wellness/Treatment Model

One of the most effective wellness models adopted in the COVID-19 scenario is the Department of State Health Services (DSHS) guidance, which offers comprehensive guidelines to all Texas communities regarding COVID-19 prevention measures. According to Gonzalez et al. (2020), the DSHS guidelines aims to prevent the spread of COVID-19 within Texas based on scientific evidence, research, and recommendations from healthcare professionals.  For example, the DSHS guidelines shares useful information with various stakeholders, including employers, food businesses, critical infrastructure workers and workers at high risk, on how to observe COVID-19 containment measures and minimize their exposure to the disease through safe operation (Zanettini et al., 2020). Furthermore, the DSHS framework is accompanied by tools that can effectively help stakeholders communicate safety messages to their customers and colleagues.

Another strategy that has largely been used in Missouri City is drive-in testing. According to Gonzalez et al. (2020), drive-in testing is a wellness model which enables healthcare professionals to test safely and efficiently the public while minimizing physical interaction within the testing area. It is a strategy meant to ensure that only those who are negative can access public spaces, while those who are positive for COVID-19 can get quick medical attention. Furthermore, drive-in testing ensures safety within the testing area because people are contained within their cars. Generally, drive-in testing is an effective wellness strategy because it helps detect the infected individuals early and prevents further spread.

References

Bruns, D.P., Kraguljac, N.V. & Bruns, T.R. (2020). Covid19?> COVID-19: Facts, Cultural

Considerations and Risk of Stigmatization. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 31(4), pp.326-332. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043659620917724

Gonzalez, R. I., Munoz, F., Moya, P. S., & Kiwi, M. (2020). Is a COVID-19 quarantine justified in Chile or usa right now? arXiv preprint arXiv:2003.10879. https://arxiv.org/abs/2003.10879

United States Census Bureau (2019). 2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files. Retrieved January 4, 2022

Zanettini, C., Omar, M., Dinalankara, W., Imada, E. L., Colantuoni, E., Parmigiani, G., &

Marchionni, L. (2020). Influenza Vaccination and COVID-19 Mortality in the USA. MedRxiv. 10.1101/2020.06.24.20129817

BHA FPX 4108 Assessment 1 Instructions

Create a 7-10 slide PowerPoint presentation that explains basic inventory management concepts and analyzes the current state of an organization’s inventory of pacemakers.

Introduction

Health care operations is a complex topic, encompassing many aspects including (but not limited to) service locations, personnel, policy, leadership, finance, strategy, and quality. While the industry is generally viewed as a service industry, its systems are faced with complex operational challenges including supply chain, strategy, quality and project management, and service delivery. Given the changing landscape from a health reform and financial perspective, health care organizations must focus on improving their operations and improving efficiencies to remain competitive.

A component of the health care delivery process is the procurement, stocking, and dispensing of supplies. Within this process, opportunities exist to add value, reduce waste, and create standardization throughout the organization (Kros & Brown, 2013). Effective management of health care operations creates value for all stakeholders.

One way to potentially create value in operations is through inventory management. Whether you realize it or not, you are most likely familiar with the concept of inventory. For example, when you visit the grocery store perhaps they are out of your favorite ice cream, or, before you left home, maybe you took stock of your cupboards to determine what items you need to pick up on the grocery store trip. Both of these are everyday examples of the concept of inventory.

In health care, inventory management is vital for many reasons, including regulatory compliance and investment protection. When we think about the inventory of a health care organization, we must take into consideration items ranging from pots and pans to medical devices and surgical instruments (Kros & Brown, 2013).

Finance and accounting principles in health care operations and supply chain management are key concepts to understand, at least at a foundational

level. At a minimum, health care professionals should be familiar with the basic components of financial statements and financial ratios utilized by health care organizations, as well as concepts related to the value of money. Over the years, the health care industry has been subject to several changes in reimbursement methodologies. Each methodology was implemented with the intent of addressing the concerns facing the industry at the time (fraud, quality, utilization, et cetera).

Current methodologies regulate the payment amount or payment rate that organizations will receive in return for treating each patient. Changes to these payment methods have had major financial implications for health care organizations (Kros & Brown, 2013). To remain fiscally responsible, health care professionals must streamline operations to ensure costs are managed, productivity is maximized, and resources are optimized (Kros & Brown, 2013). Outside of payroll and benefits, supplies and materials are close contenders for health care organizations’ highest expenses.

Regardless of whether you work in a clinical or non-clinical unit, it is imperative to understand how to read and understand the organization’s financial statements. In addition to financial statements, each department operates off of an annual budget. These budgets are established as financial guidelines for

the department’s operations and always contain line items for materials and supplies.

Reference

Kros, J. F., & Brown, E. C. (2013). Health care operations and supply chain management: Operations, planning, and control. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Demonstration of Proficiency

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the course competencies through the following assessment scoring guide criteria:

Competency 1: Describe when and how the senior leader would directly impact health care operations.

Analyze leaders’ responsibilities in addressing the identified inventory recommendations. Competency 2: Analyze the impact of the various success factors of a health care organization.

Explain inventory control.

Competency 3: Analyze the concept of competitive strength by considering efficiency and effectiveness of organizational processes.

Describe options for inventory ordering.

Analyze the implications of having inventory control.

Competency 4: Apply management concepts to lead an efficient health care system.

Present findings based upon review of the EOQ and organizational data.

Competency 5: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with health care professionals.

Write following APA style for in-text citations, quotes, and references.

Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.

Preparation

This assessment is based on the Vila Health: Pacemaker Inventory media simulation, which is linked in the Vila Health: Pacemaker Inventory section of Assessment 1. Go to that section to complete the scenario at this time. You will use the information you gather in this scenario, in which you assume the role of an inventory analyst, to provide context and information necessary for the assessment.

If you have questions about or would like to review tips on using PowerPoint, the following resources may be useful as you prepare to complete this assessment:

Guidelines for Effective PowerPoint Presentations [PPTX].

Microsoft Office Software Tutorials.

Instructions

Based on the media simulation you completed, one of the directors has asked you to examine the the ordering, stocking, and use of pacemakers at the Peta King Heart Institute at St. Anthony Medical Center. In addition to your inventory investigation, you have been encouraged to research additional topics, such as inventory management, inventory control, inventory ordering systems, economic order quantity (EOQ) calculations, and inventory stocking techniques.

As you research, consider industries outside of health care, as techniques utilized in other industries may apply. After you have concluded your investigation and research, you have been asked to prepare a PowerPoint for the director to help them communicate with other stakeholders the basics of inventory control, the importance of having inventory control strategies, and the current state of the Peta King Heart Institute’s pacemaker inventory.

Your PowerPoint needs to address the following criteria. (Note: The questions under each criterion are there to help you think through each.)

  1. Explain what inventory control
    1. Why are EOQs conducted?
    2. What is impact of the heart institute’s volumes (past, present, and projected) from a strategic perspective (related to pacemaker use) on the overall success of the organization?
  2. Describe options for inventory
    1. What are quantities to order?
    2. What are potential inventory ordering systems?
    3. What are the pros and cons of the identified systems?
    4. When should other products be considered?
    5. When should alternative stocking be considered (ordering inventory consignment)?
  3. Analyze leaders’ responsibilities in addressing the identified inventory
    1. What should leaders address related to inventory?
    2. What are the consequences of leaders not addressing inventory needs?
    3. What are the implications of not adhering to the recommended inventory purchase?
    4. Analyze the implications of having inventory
      1. How does efficient inventory control impact the organization’s effectiveness?
      2. What are the implications for an organization’s effectiveness if inventory control is absent or sub-standard?
    5. Present your findings based upon your review of the EOQ and organizational
      1. How does product use this year compare to that of the previous year, as well as the projected budget year?
      2. What are your finding and recommendations?

You might want to (but do not have to) organize your presentation using the following outline:

Slide 1: Title of the presentation.

Slide 2: Overview of inventory control. Slide 3: Review of EOQ purpose and data.

Slide 4: Recommendations for inventory ordering. Slide 5: Leadership.

Slide 6: Implications.

Slide 7: Conclusions. Slide 8: Reference list.

General PowerPoint Guidelines

Keep the design simple. Use Arial or Verdana font, size 24 point, at minimum.

Keep the slides concise. Use 5–7 bullet points per slide and 5–7 words per bullet. Use speaker notes to explicate the bullets. For best color contrast, use light text on dark background (for example, yellow on black, white on dark blue).

Use the proper slide layout. For example, if a slide has a title and text, create it using the correct Title and Text layout.

Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics

BHA FPX 4108 Assessment 2 Instructions

Create a 4-6-page analysis for two potential approaches to address a specific health problem in a community of your choosing.

Introduction

Medical education in the United States has been deemed inadequate to properly train health care professionals in public health and prevention (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). Current medical education systems focus on the treatment of acute medical conditions versus the prevention of diseases (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). Experts agree that, to improve population health in our country, medical education programs must be redesigned to include new skills and approaches in preventative care; however, the same experts disagree on the best way to do this (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016).

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has developed and proposed a set of core competencies for all health care providers to ensure adequate care and address the health care needs of our communities. These competencies include: providing patient-centered care, working in interdisciplinary teams, employing evidence-based practices, applying quality improvement, and utilizing informatics (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). Other recommendations have been put forward; however, adoption of these recommendations has been slow to emerge.

In the past, the typical patient care model comprised:

A patient seeking services.

A provider diagnosing and treating an acute concern.

The patient complying with the treatment recommendations or not.

Today, patient engagement and advocacy are increasing in focus. As provider reimbursement methodologies shift to pay for performance and the Affordable Care Act (ACA), and patients demand higher-quality services at a lower cost, patient engagement is a critical variable to improved patient outcomes.

The patient engagement framework was developed to assist in the study of patient engagement. The framework consists of five steps and will be examined in this unit (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016):

  1. Inform Me: providers educate patients and help them understand care
  2. Engage Me: providers interact with patients to improve
  3. Empower Me: patients become a part of the care
  4. Partner with Me: the provider and patient partner in shared care
  5. Support my E-Community: the community is included in the network of patient

The above framework illustrates one way in which population health strives to shift our focus from a reactive treatment model to a proactive wellness model (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). For your future reference, each type of model can be briefly defined as:

Treatment models provide care to patients who exhibit a problem.

Wellness models take proactive steps to prevent development of a problem.

Reference

Nash, D. B., Fabius, R. J., Skoufalos, A., & Clarke, J. L. (2016). Population health: Creating a culture of wellness (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Demonstration of Proficiency

Competency 1: Integrate principles of epidemiology, population health, and community engagement to plan interventions.

Assess how social determinants affect individuals in relation to a specific health problem.

Competency 2: Differentiate and evaluate evidence-based treatment models and prevention models designed to promote wellness and disease management for population health.

Assess an evidence-based treatment model that addresses a health need.

Assess an evidence-based wellness model for preventing development of a future health problem.

Competency 4: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with expectations for health care professionals.

Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics. Write following APA style for in-text citation, quotes, and references.

Note: It is recommended that you complete the assessments in this course in the order they are presented.

Preparation

For this assessment, select one of the three specific health-improvement needs you identified in the Analyze Community Health Needs assessment. Once you have selected the health-improvement need you want to focus on, complete the following:

Conduct research on your chosen health improvement need and identify two possible approaches to address the problem in your community

One approach may be the same one that you identified in your Analyze Community Health Needs assessment, or you can select two new approaches.

Research how other communities are addressing your chosen need and locate relevant data.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) may be a good place to start.

Complete the suggested Community Health Strategies activity if you want to check your knowledge about specific models and strategies for community health initiatives such as education, intervention, prevention, and treatment.

Instructions

Examine potential interventions for the health-improvement need you selected during your preparation and compile a 4–6-page analysis. As previously stated, you must report on two possible approaches, one of which may be from those you identified in your Analyze Community Health Needs assessment.

For the purposes of this assessment, each intervention approach must be evidence based. Also, one intervention must be based on a treatment model and the other, a wellness model. For the purposes of this assessment, use these brief definitions when determining which model an intervention would be categorized as:

Treatment models provide care to patients who exhibit a problem.

Wellness models take proactive steps to prevent development of a problem.

Consult the scoring guide to ensure that you are addressing all criteria at the level to which you desire. Include the following in your analysis:

Assess how social determinants affect individuals in relation to a specific health problem.

Restate the specific health-improvement need that you are researching.

Restate the relevant characteristics of the affected community with regards to your chosen health improvement need. Identify the most relevant social determinants with regards to your chosen health need.

How do they impact individuals in the community?

How do these impacts affect the health and ability to seek out treatment of individuals?

What inequities with regards to social determinants exist between specific populations in the community?

Why is it important to acknowledge these inequities when determining interventions to improve a population health issue?

Assess an evidence-based treatment model that addresses a population health need.

Describe an evidence-based treatment model to address the health need.

Be explicit in your descriptions, pointing out the identifying characteristics of the model.

How can you tell that the model belongs in the treatment model category?

Explain why the treatment-based model is a potentially effective intervention for your identified health need. Comment on advantages and disadvantages of the treatment model.

Assess an evidence-based wellness model for preventing development of a future population-health problem.

Describe an evidence-based wellness model to prevent future development of the health problem. Be explicit in your descriptions, pointing out the identifying characteristics of the model.

How can you tell that the model belongs in the wellness model category?

Explain why the wellness-based model is a potentially effective intervention for your identified health need. Comment on advantages and disadvantages of the wellness model.

BHA FPX 4108 Assessment 3 Instructions

Create a 12-18-slide presentation for community stakeholders in which you recommend a strategy to address a community health need.

Introduction

As the needs of the patient population change, the United States healthcare system remains relatively unchanged. Episodes of care are still relatively low in frequency and high in acuity (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). Models of care must be changed. Treatments of chronic health conditions and preventative strategies require more frequent visits at a lower intensity (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). Continuity

of care and care transitions maintain an ongoing, consistent contact with patients throughout their lives, not only when they are ill (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). A population health perspective that focuses on chronic health conditions and prevention is needed to improve care transitions (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) and Patient-Centered Medical Homes (PCMHs) are two models emerging from the Affordable Care Act (ACA) that help focus on chronic diseases and population health (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016).

An underlying assumption in version population and patient-centered models is that patients will adhere to the plan they develop with their provider; however, some behaviors may be difficult for patients to change. Unhealthy behaviors such as poor diet, lack of exercise, smoking, and drug use have negative implications for health. Although many patients want to change their diet and exercise behaviors, many find it extremely difficult to do so. Health care providers must work with patients to understand what causes patients to exhibit certain behaviors and how they can be motivated to change these behaviors (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016).

The American Marketing Association (AMA) (2017) defines marketing as the processes for creating, communicating, delivering, and exchanging products and services for key stakeholders and society in general. The “4 Ps”—product, place, price, and promotion—are the primarily elements of marketing. Unlike a traditional consumer product such as an automobile, a health care “product” is more difficult to define.

In population health, an example of a product could be training health care providers to reduce obesity across the population. The place refers to where the health care service will be provided, such as an office, the home of a patient, or a community health center.

The price consists of two components: 1) the actual out-of-pocket price the consumer must pay for the service and 2) the opportunity cost, such as convenience. Finally, promotion refers to the method that is used to disseminate the message such as radio, TV, print and, most recently, social media and the Internet (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). To achieve the goals of population health, community needs must first be assessed and the health care “marketing mix” tailored to the needs of that community.

Reference

American Marketing Association (AMA). (2017). About AMA: Definition of marketing. Retrieved from https://www.ama.org/AboutAMA/Pages/Definition-of- Marketing.aspx

Nash, D. B., Fabius, R. J., Skoufalos, A., & Clarke, J. L. (2016). Population health: Creating a culture of wellness (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Demonstration of Proficiency

Competency 1: Integrate principles of epidemiology, population health, and community engagement to plan interventions.

Assess the target audience for recommended community health strategies.

Recommend strategies to mobilize community engagement including a promotion strategy and use of social media and information technology.

Competency 3: Create an action plan to promote wellness and disease management in a diverse population.

Define SMART goals for implementation of a community health need intervention. Analyze collaboration required to implement a community health strategy.

Recommend potential sources of funding and other resources.

Competency 4: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with expectations for health care professionals.

Employ appropriate written and visual communication to convey content to an intended audience. Write following APA style for in-text citation, quotes, and references.

Note: It is recommended that you complete the assessments in this course in the order they are presented.

Preparation

In this assessment, you will be creating a PowerPoint presentation to deliver to one or more groups of community stakeholders. You will recommend

a strategy to address the community health need you have been working with throughout the Analyze Community Health Needs and Potential Community Health Interventions assessments. You will focus on the strategy that best fits the needs of the target population within the context of the community and organization you have been using as the setting for your assessments.

To help prepare yourself to be successful when creating your PowerPoint, it is recommended that you complete the following:

Determine the single, best strategy to implement in your community. This should be one of the two interventions you identified and wrote about for your Potential Community Health Interventions assessment.

Determine which community stakeholders would be the best target audience for the PowerPoint.

Think about which populations or groups within the community will be receiving the intervention. Think about which stakeholders are vital for successful implementation of your chosen intervention.

Ensure you have an understanding on how to create a quality PowerPoint presentation. Capella’s Microsoft Office Software help page offers a number of guides and resources.

Contact Disability Services to request accommodations if you require the use of assistive technology or alternative communication methods to participate in these activities.

Instructions

Create an 8–12 slide PowerPoint to inform and create buy-in from the stakeholder groups you have determined are key to your chosen intervention’s success. These groups include those who influence decisions for funding and implementation, as well as those who would take direct roles in implementation.

As you work to determine the single, best strategy to implement for your chosen health need in the identified population (or populations) in your community, focus on how this presentation can narrow the focus from a broad population need to specific, actionable tasks that community stakeholders must consider before creating an action plan. In your presentation, be sure to consider factors such as educational outreach, financial considerations, and information technology.

Consult the scoring guide to ensure that you are addressing all criteria at the level to which you desire. In your PowerPoint, be sure to complete the following.

Assess the target audience for recommended community-health strategies. Define SMART goals for implementation of a community-health need intervention.

You may wish work through the Evidence-Based Strategies and SMART Goals activity to check your understanding about the various

characteristics of well-written SMART goals.

Analyze collaboration required to implement a community-health strategy.

Recommend strategies to mobilize community engagement, including a promotion strategy and use of social media and information technology. Recommend potential sources of funding and other resources.

Employ appropriate written and visual communication to convey content to an intended audience. Apply proper APA formatting and style.

One potential way you could organize your PowerPoint would be as follows:

Title slide: On the first slide of the PowerPoint, include:

A descriptive title of approximately 5–15 words. Stir interest while maintaining professional decorum. Professional Development for [enter the institutional context for your presentation].

Your name.

Your specialization. Course number and title. Capella University.

Instructor’s name.

Your Stakeholder Analysis in the notes section below.

Note: If this presentation were made in a professional context, the entries under your name would be replaced by your job title, the name of your organization, and (perhaps) your contact information. BHA FPX 4108 Assessment Instructions Inventory Papers

BHA FPX 4108 Assessment 4 Instructions

Use the provided template to create an action plan to address a chosen health problem.

Introduction

Information technology, specifically electronic health records (EHR) and patient portals, are helping to empower patients to take a more active role with their health care (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). Information technology is also supporting collaborative efforts among multiple health care stakeholders, including providers, insurers, community health agencies, and policy makers (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016).

The use of decision support systems facilitates the mining of large amounts of data in population health, including data measurement and analysis. Three purposes of measurement include improvement, accountability, and research (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). Decision support systems can also be used for predictive modeling to improve performance and predict potential outcomes (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). As information technology and decision support systems become more sophisticated, and larger amounts of data are captured, the potential to further the IHI Triple Aim initiatives discussed previously in the course increases.

Population health continues to evolve, and the Affordable Care Act (ACA) introduced several new regulations and models. The IHI Triple Aim initiative will be an ongoing area of focus, and information technology offers new ways to engage patients in their own health. Smart phones, health and wellness apps, and smart watches will give patients new ways to monitor their behaviors. As providers educate themselves on behavioral change models and economics, they can help patients change unhealthy behaviors.

Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, and Clarke (2016) predict that the next few years will likely result in an updated health risk assessment that includes additional determinants of health and performance, including stress and anxiety, and increased recognition of the importance of thriving and health. Beyond five years, we will likely see shared values among employers, employees, and the community.

Taking measurements, regulations, current and evolving technology, and models of care into account is critical to help ensure sound design of population and community health plans. Without a well-thought-out design, a well-thought-out and implementable action plan will prove difficult to impossible. So, these are critical considerations as you approach the Community Health Action Plan assessment.

Reference

Nash, D. B., Fabius, R. J., Skoufalos, A., & Clarke, J. L. (2016). Population health: Creating a culture of wellness (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Demonstration of Proficiency

Competency 1: Integrate principles of epidemiology, population health, and community engagement to plan interventions.

Evaluate an organization best suited to implement a community-health intervention.

Competency 2: Differentiate and evaluate evidence-based treatment models and prevention models designed to promote wellness and disease management for population health.

Formulate criteria for evaluation of task completion.

Competency 3: Create an action plan to promote wellness and disease management in a diverse population.

Define a goal for an action plan.

Identify roles, tasks, and timeframes required to implement a plan.

Identify human, capital, and material resources needed to complete tasks in a plan.

Competency 4: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with expectations for health care professionals.

Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics. Write following APA style for in-text citation, quotes, and references.

Note: It is recommended that you complete the assessments in this course in the order they are presented.

Preparation

This assessment brings together aspects of the other three assessments in the course. The goal is to create an implementable action plan to achieve a SMART goal addressing the community-health need you have been exploring throughout the course.

To prepare to successfully create your Community Health Action Plan, it is recommended you complete the following:

Familiarize yourself with the Action Plan Template you will be completing as your assessment artifact.

Consult your previous assessments, and the feedback you received on them, to focus on what areas you should focus on when completing the template.

It may be helpful to complete the Community Health Programs formative activity.

Instructions

For this assessment, create a detailed action plan to promote wellness and disease management by addressing your chosen health problem you have been working on throughout this course. Based on feedback received on your previous assessments, design a plan you could implement in a health care organization (such as a hospital, physician practice, or federally qualified health center) to address a specific SMART goal.

Make sure you download and complete the Action Plan Template. Only submit the completed template for your assessment. Do not submit a paper for this assessment. Papers will not be graded.

Consult the scoring guide to ensure that you are addressing all criteria at the level to which you desire. When completing the template, be sure you address the following:

Define a goal for an action plan.

You may want to review either (or both) of the media pieces related to SMART goals to help in addressing this criterion: SMART Goals | Transcript.

Evidence-Based Strategies and SMART Goals | Transcript.

Evaluate an organization best suited to implement a community-health intervention.

Identify a specific organization best suited to address the problem and implement the potential solution you have selected based on your work in the other assessments in the course.

Why is the organization best suited to address your chosen health problem? Why is the organization best suited to implement your potential solution?

How is the organization best suited to engage and help the affected populations in the community?

Identify roles, tasks, and time frames required to implement a plan.

This criterion is related to the first two columns in the template.

Be sure to detail the specific tasks that must be completed based on the research you have conducted in the first column.

Identify the roles of all stakeholders needed to implement your plan. Explain why they are needed.

For each task, be sure to identify an appropriate and realistic timeframe to complete the task in the second column.

Formulate criteria for evaluation of task completion.

This criterion is related to the third column of the template.

Make specific connections between these criteria and evidence-based strategies to promote wellness and disease management for a population.

Identify human, capital, and material resources needed to complete tasks in a plan.

This criterion is related to the fourth column of the template, as well as the Key Stakeholders section.

For the stakeholders:

Which stakeholders are required to complete each task? What are the roles of the stakeholders?

In other words, why are the specific stakeholders needed?

Additionally, make sure you identify any other people, capital, materials, and so on, needed to complete a task.

Write clearly, with correct spelling, grammar, and syntax, and good organization. Apply proper APA formatting and style.

Additional Requirements

Written communication: Ensure content is free of errors that detract from the overall message.

APA: Use current-edition APA style and formatting guidelines, including citations and a reference page in the second tab of the Action Plan Template