Topic 7 Discussion Questions 2


The war in Ukraine is an excellent example of collective violence. According to Elt (2021), the Russian troops have attacked Ukraine, killed thousands of people, and caused massive damage to Ukraine’s physical infrastructure. One of the micro consequences of the Ukraine war is losing a life. People have lost their loved ones through deaths, while others are in hospitals nursing serious injuries (Gaind & Else, 2022). Another micro-level consequences of the Ukraine war are the loss of income sources. Macro consequences of the war are inflation hence elevated price pressures (Elt, 2021). There is also economic damage as the seaports, roads, bridges, and airports have been closed, making it hard to do exporting and import (Gaind & Else, 2022). Consequently, many countries suffer from inflation since they do not have access to essential commodities from Ukraine.


  • Elt, C. W. (2021). Ukraine: Background, Conflict with Russia, and U.S. Policy. Congressional Research Service, (12), 1-41.
  • Gaind, N., & Else, H. (2022). Global Research Community Condemns Russian Invasion of Ukraine. Nature603(7900), 209-210.


Migration and immigration do not just happen in the United States of America. The cons and pros discussed earlier will also relate to France and England. However, for some of the factors to apply in these two countries, it depends on the set rules and regulations regarding immigration. It is easy for the immigrants to access cheap labor in the two countries. In France, the migrants provide cheap labor; hence industries do not Strule to get new employees (De Haas, 2021). In England, the same pros and cons in the USA are also applicable. For example, Lomax et al. (2019) discuss that immigration leads to growth in population which puts pressure on services, infrastructure, and housing.



Discussion Responses Sample Paper

Hi Chinenye Ariole, I have reviewed your case study on the lower backpain and here are my responses and comments. Foremost, I want to appreciate the in-depth history and physical evaluation that you did to patient A. I., a 42-year-old male who presented with a one-month history of lower backpain. A comprehensive history and physical examination are the first step for setting up a diagnosis (Mayfield Brain & Spine, n.d.) and am glad that you explored the presenting complain including its duration, location, severity, character, radiation, aggravating and relieving factors. However, it is important to determine from the client the onset of the pain if it was gradual or sudden and if the pain was constant or intermittent and its timing. On allergy part, vomiting may be a sign of food intolerance and not an allergic reaction per se.

Your physical assessment of the patient was very informative although you could have expounded on the neurological and musculoskeletal since they are the affected systems. More assessment of the tone, bulk and power of the muscle groups and reflexes representing each lumbar root to try and distinguish between focal neuropathy and root problems (Vilella & Reddivari, 2020). Based on the algorithm for diagnosis of lower back pain, I agree that the patient requires work ups both laboratory and imaging studies as captured in your presentation for the purpose of identifying the possible etiology and definitive management plan.

Patient A. I. possibly has sciatica based on his clinical features which could be secondary to lumbosacral disc herniation (most probably), spinal stenosis, piriformis syndrome, spondylolisthesis and vertebral osteoarthritis (Davis, Maini, & Vasudevan, 2021) just as you mentioned in your presentation. In summary, your case study was exemplary in terms of formulating the diagnosis.