1. Costovertebral angle tenderness should be assessed whenever you suspect the patient may have: – Polynephritis
  2. In older adults, overflow fecal incontinence is commonly due to: -Fecal impaction
  3. A 1 month old boy has been vomiting for 2 weeks. How is this symptom of GERD and pyloric stenosis further differentiated in this child’s assessment? – The infant has regurgitation with pyloric stenosis
  4. Auscultation of borborygmi is associated with: – Gastroenteritis, early intestinal obstruction, or hunger
  5. When auscultating the abdomen, which finding would indicate collateral circulation between the portal and systemic venous systems? – Venous hum
  6. Conversion of fat-soluble wastes to water-soluble material for renal excretion is a function of the: – Liver
  7. The major function of the large intestine is: -Water absorption
  8. Which structure is located in the hypogastric region of the abdomen? –Ileum, bladder, and pregnant uterus
  9. A 45 year old man relates a several week history of severe intermittent abdominal burning sensations. He relates that the pain is relieved with small amounts of food. Before starting the physical examination, you review his laboratory work, anticipating a (n): -Positive Helicobacter pylori result
  10. You are caring for a patient with trigeminal neuralgia. During the assessment, the patient would describe the pain as: – Burning or shocklike
  11. Your 85 year old patient is complaining of right knee pain. She has a history of osteoarthritis for which she is given anti-inflammatory medication. To assess her right knee pain, you should ask her if: – The pain gets better when she sits
  12. A 5 year old is complaining of nondescriptive “belly pain.” Your next action should be to ask him to: – Point to the area of pain
  13. The perception of pain: – Is variable and is affected by emotions, and cultural background
  14. Patients presenting with ascites, jaundice, cutaneous spider veins, and nonpalpable liver exhibit signs of: – Cirrhosis
  15. A patient presents to the emergency department after a motor vehicle accident. The patient sustained blunt trauma to the abdomen and complains of pain in the upper left quadrant that radiates to the left shoulder. What organ is most likely injured? – Spleen
  16. Imaging studies reveal that a patient has dilation of the renal pelvis from an obstruction in the ureter, what condition will be documented in this patient’s health record? – Hydronephrosis
  17. Visible intestinal peristalsis may indicate: – Intestinal obstruction
  18. Infants born weighing less than 1500g are at higher risk for: – Necrotizing enterocolitis
  19. Which of the following factors is not known to affect patient compliance with his or her treatment regimen? – The patient’s age and social status
  20. One of the most important aspects to consider in the orthopedic screening examination is: – Symmetry
  21. The sequence of the physical examination should be individualized to: – Minimize the number of times the patient has to change positions to conserve the patient’s energy
  22. As you greet the patient, which examination technique is first implemented? – Inspection
  23. Which of the following is most likely to enhance examiner reliability? – The examiner attempts to qualify data
  24. A 7 year old boy is brought to your office with a chief complaint of possible fracture to his left third finger. He jammed it while playing basketball 2 days ago. The mother states that she really does not think it is broken because he can move it. What is your best response? – This is common misconception, and the finger may be broken. An x-ray is indicated.
  25. A patient presenting for the first time with typical low back pain should receive which of the following diagnostic tests? – None of the above. X-ray is not indicated because lumbar pain is usually musculoskeletal etiology.
  26. Skeletal changes in older adults are the result of: -Increased bone resorption
  27. A positive straight leg raise test usually indicates: – Lumbar nerve root irritation
  28. What technique is performed at every infant examination during the first year of life to detect hip dislocation? – Barlow-Ortolani maneuvers
  29. Expected normal findings during inspection of spinal alignment include: – Convex lumbar curve
  30. Temporalis and masseter muscles are evaluated by: – Having the patient clench his or her teeth
  31. When palpating joints, crepitus may be caused when: – Irregular bony surfaces rub together
  32. A 3 year old is brought to the clinic complaining of a painful right elbow. He is holding the right arm slightly flexed and pronated and refuses to move it. the mother states that symptoms started right after his older brother had been swinging him around by his arms. This presentation supports a diagnosis of: – Radial head subluxation
  33. Light skin and thin body habitus are risk factors for: – Osteoporosis
  34. Risk factors for sports-related injuries include: – Failure to warm up before activity
  35. Injuries to long bones and joints are more likely to result in fractures than in sprains until: – Adolescence
  36. Ligaments are stronger than bone until: – Adolescence
  37. The family history for a patient with joint pain should include information about siblings with: -Genetic disorders
  38. The Thomas test is used to detect: – Flexion contractures of the hip
  39. A goniometer is used to assess: – Range of motion
  40. During a football game, a player was struck on the lateral side of the left leg while his feet were firmly planted. He is complaining of left knee pain. To examine the left knee you should initially perform the ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­________ test. – Valgus stress
  41. You note that a child has a positive Gower Sign. You know that this indicates generalized: – Muscle weakness
  42. The dowager hump is: – The hallmark of osteoporosis
  43. What temporary disorder may be experienced by pregnant women during the third trimester because of fluid retention? –Carpal tunnel syndrome
  44. A common finding in markedly obese and pregnant women is: – Lordosis
  45. A 45-year-old laborer presents with low back pain, stating that the pain comes from the right buttock and shoots down and across the right anterior thigh, down the shin to the ankle. Which examination finding is considered more indicative of nerve root compression?A 45 year old laborer presents with low back pain, stating that the pain comes from the right buttock and shoots down and across the right anterior thigh, down the shin to the ankle. Which examination finding is considered more indicative of nerve root compression? – Positive straight leg raise result
  46. Mrs. Bower is a 57 year old patient who comes in for an office visit. Which of the following disorders is known to be hereditary? – Huntington chorea
  47. Testing of cranial nerve ­­­­________ is not routinely performed unless a problem is suspected. – I
  48. The patient is able to rapidly touch each finger to his thumb in rapid sequence. What does this finding mean? – The patient has appropriate cerebellar function
  49. Which question asked by the examiner may hellp to determine prevention strategies for seizures that a patient is experiencing? – “Are there any factors or activities that seem to start the seizures?”
  50. A patient has a complaint of dizziness. The patient makes the following statement: “I sometimes feel as if the whole room is spinning.” What type of neurologic dysfunction should the examiner suspect? – Inner ear dysfunction affecting the acoustic nerve
  51. The examiner asks the patient to close her eyes, then places a vibrating tuning fork on the patient’s ankle and asks her to indicate what is felt. What is being assessed? – Peripheral nerve sensory function
  52. Which of the following findings should an examiner consider a normal finding if associated with pregnancy? – Acroparesthesia
  53. Jack is a 52 year old obese man with a history of poorly controlled diabetes. He also smokes. Based on the above data, the examiner should recognize that Jack has several risk factors for: – Cerebrovascular accident
  54. Mrs. Jones is a 24 year old patient who presents to your office 2 days postpartum. She complains that she is experiencing foot drop. Which of the following problems should the examiner consider? – Lumbosacral plexopathy
  55. The examiner is assessing deep tendon reflex response in a 12 year old boy. The response is an expected reflex response. Which of the following scores should be documented? – 2+
  56. A 68 year old patient presents to your office for follow-up. He tells you, “I have a hard time finding the right words when I am talking;” he also is experiencing numbness. On examination, you note postural instability. This symptom may be: – A late symptom of Parkinson’s disease
  57. Motor maturation proceeds in an orderly progression from: – Head to toe
  58. The thalamus is the major integration center for perception of: – Pain
  59. The examiner should be concerned about neurologic competence if a social smile cannot be elicited by the time a child is ________old. – 3 months
  60. Normal changes of the aging brain include: – Diminished perception of touch. — this is by process of elimination/educated guess. I could not find direct information addressing this in Seidel
  61. When interviewing a 70 year old female clinic patient, she tells you that she takes ginkgo biloba and St. John’s Wort. You make a short note to check for results of the: -Mini-mental state examination
  62. The area of body surface innervated by a particular spinal nerve is called a: – Dermatome
  63. If a patient cannot shrug the shoulders against resistance, which cranial nerve (CN) requires further evaluation? – CN XI, spinal accessory