Criticism of Middle-Range Theories Essay

Internal and External Criticism of Middle-Range Theories

The development of nursing knowledge is indeed a continuous process. According to Mlambo et al. (2021), continuous professional development in nursing ensures that the nurses maintain and enhance their skills and the knowledge required to deliver quality healthcare services to all patients. The standards of nursing keep caning daily. Following this, the nurses must keep developing their nursing knowledge to be on par with the changes.

Through continuous professional development, the nurse’s knowledge stays up to date, and one is more aware of the trends and directions that the nursing profession is taking (Mlambo et al., 2021). However, sometimes the nurses cannot develop their nursing knowledge because they do not have the time to learn more skills and advance their knowledge due to the heavy workload in the workplace. In this case, the department of health should make sure that the nurse’s workload is manageable to help them engage in professional development skills and practices.

The middle-range theories are crucial in nursing as they guide nurses and help them achieve their professional goals. According to De Carvalho Félix (2020), middle-range nursing theories guide everyday practice and provide the frame of reference that the CNS requires to guide the selection of relevant interventions that will help deal with various patient care situations. This is very important as the nurses have a place to refer to before making important nursing decisions.

If the middle-range theories are evaluated continuously, it becomes easy for the nurses to do proper research and make the right decisions (De Carvalho Félix, 2020). Internal criticisms are fundamental since they enhance consistency and growth in the workplace. Through this, the nurses can select the correct theories used during the decision-making process.

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De Carvalho Félix, N. D. (2020). Components of the Development of Middle-Range Nursing Theories. Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research30(3).

Mlambo, M., Silén, C., & McGrath, C. (2021). Lifelong Learning and Nurses’ Continuing Professional Development, a Meta synthesis of the Literature. BMC Nursing20(1).


The development of nursing knowledge is a continuous process. Middle range theories can help nurses conduct effective research and accomplish their goals. Evaluating nursing theories makes it easier for professionals to determine a middle range theory that will adequately guide their research. Internal criticisms like consistency and clarity and external criticisms, including reality convergence and scope, help evaluate middle-range theories to select the most appropriate theory. React to the conclusion described above.

Internal and External Criticism of Middle-Range Theories DQ

Theories in research are fundamental as they help make the right decisions and judgments. A good theory helps guide and give meaning to what the researcher sees. The research validates a good theory, hence offering a good basis for practical action. If a theory does not determine the philosophical truth, ten should not be used in research since the conclusion will not be valid. As Collins and Stockton (2018) state, a good theory must have principles, assumptions, and concepts that help build and develop reasonable conclusions. Following this, the researchers must ensure that the theory used aligns with the research so that it is applicable and can guide in finding out the philosophical truth.

Internal and external evaluation criticisms are significant during the change process. According to Christian (2021), internal criticism helps evaluate accuracy, consistency, and empirical adequacy. As a result, internal criticism helps determine if there are lies and errors so that they can be corrected. Internal criticisms are significant since they enable one to make suitable canes before they are implemented and conclusions are made.

On the other hand, external criticism is based on the usefulness and adequate description of the change process. Christian (2021) indicated that external criticism determines the authenticity and validity of the change process. Through external criticism, researchers can evaluate the authenticity and male relevant changes that will help develop the philosophical truth. It is important to note that both external and internal criticisms are essential parts of the research process as they help in aiding the decision-making process.


Christian, B. (2021). A Threat Rather than a Resource: Why Voicing Internal Criticism is complex in International Organisations. Journal of International Relations and Development25(2), 425-449.

Collins, C. S., & Stockton, C. M. (2018). The Central Role of Theory in Qualitative Research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods17(1).


A theory should allow for the determination of the philosophical truth to make the judgment of whether or not it could be adapted for use in research. Internal criticism for evaluation would include consistency, and accuracy or empirical adequacy whereas external criticism would be based on the generalizability, usefulness, and adequate description of the change process. React to the conclusion posted avobe.