Comparison Of Research Articles Sample Paper

Part 2: Analysis of the Two Articles


Diabetes is an ailment that occur in humans when the blood sugar/blood glucose rises above the recommended level. The body derives its sugar from blood glucose that comes from the food consumed. Too much glucose in the body may have a negative impact on the body due to the inability of insulin to keep check on blood sugar (Raghavan et al., 2019). These article compares two research articles published by a scholarly journal on diabetes. One of the articles chosen for comparison is Deaths Attributable to Diabetes in the United States: Comparison of Data Sources and Estimation Approaches by Stokes and Preston, (2017). The second journal article chosen on diabetes is Diabetes Mellitus–Related All‐Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality in a National Cohort of Adults by Raghavan et al., (2019).

1.Summary of the topic you chose with rationale

            I chose the topic diabetes because it is one of most prevalent and fast-rising disease in my community, country and the world by extension. Secondly, diabetes is rated as one of the top-5 killer diseases in America which means it requires urgent attention. Medically, diabetes is the inability of the body to regulate the body’s blood sugar resulting into complications (Noubiap et al., 2019). Some of the medical conditions and mental disorders that may be experienced due to diabetes include; stroke, heart disease, depression, anxiety, obesity, high blood pressure, frustration, bodily pain especially at the joints among other related problems.  It can either be acute, which means short in nature or it can be chronic which means on-going and long. Type 1 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes that affects millions of people worldwide. It is usually short in nature and lasts between a few days and or weeks. It is usually caused by a number of factors such as unhealthy life styles and other health risks such as bad eating habit. On the other hand, chronic diabetes may go for many months or even longer.

Consequences of Diabetes


One of the negative consequences of diabetes which goes to affect quality of life is reduced productivity. Lack of sleep at night leaves one weak, stressed and frustrated which affects both the quality and quantity in terms of production. Many aspects of modern life are measured on one’s productivity. School, work and jobs are all measured on quality and quantity of production. People experiencing diabetes are not able to be as productive as required by the virtue of the fact that they are not well (Cowie et al., 2018) This reduction in their productivity will affect the quality of lives they live because, high production is associated with much returns and vice versa.

Increased Chances of Accidents

As seen in the results/findings of the two studies, diabetes greatly weakens people’s reflexes which lead to individuals being slow or reacting slower than usual.  Slow reflexes increase an individual’s vulnerability to accidents. For example, many drivers with diabetes may cause an accident mainly because they failed to respond to an emergency situation on the road because they did not respond fast enough. A good example is when a driver in front brakes suddenly, the driver behind will need to react to this situation by hitting the brakes hard to avoid a collision. Those with diabetes may not be in a position to react fast enough in such situations.

Worsening Medical Conditions

The many researchers on the relation between diabetes and medical conditions attest to the fact that diabetes can worsen existing medical conditions and, in some cases, though rare may lead to a medical condition. People with diabetes, heart diseases, and other chronic illnesses may see their conditions worsening because of the inability to get adequate sleep. Many doctors nowadays advice their patients on the importance of having as much sleep at night as possible because their recovery squarely lies on having enough sleep, medication and other factors.

  1. Description of the Major Functions Provided by Research and Data Monitoring of Health Care Delivery in the United States

A critical function performed by the two articles is two evaluate the vulnerable demographics in society for diabetes. In the article by Raghavan and colleagues, the study focuses trend of mortality in diabetes and related causes of mortality such as cardiovascular among adults. This study is critical because it brings critical information on diabetes and its relation with other chronic ailments such as heart disease and its impact on adults. This study links diabetes with cardiovascular disease. Through the cohort study group, this research shows critical link between diabetes and other conditions that people having diabetes are likely to suffer from.

Conversely, the study by Stokes and Preston is critical because it studies the prevalence of diabetes since 1980-2104. The data contained in this research is critical in evaluating the trends of diabetes from the 1980s till present. For example, this study reveals that the prevalence rate of diabetes in America has jumped from 4.3% to 9.0% in men from 1980 and 2014 (Stokes, & Preston, 2019). The research also shows that the prevalence of the disease for women for the same period jumped from 5.0 to 7.9% for the same period. These statistics are critical for governments because they can use it to monitor and manage the disease.

  1. Potential Environments Within Health Care Delivery Appropriate To Research And Data Monitoring.

In healthcare industry, the importance of research and data monitoring cannot be overemphasized. Research deals with creating/finding out new information about diseases/health trends. Data deals with collection of data, access, and retrieval of data. Research plays a pivotal role in the discovery of new treatments while finding answers to the things are not known. Secondly research fill gaps in available knowledge and change the way professionals in the healthcare industry operate (Harding et al., 2019). Concerning data monitoring, the two articles, like other credible research studies improve the quality of patient care by providing critical information concerning specific conditions-for this case diabetes. In the healthcare industry, data benefits the world because they it plays critical multiple roles such as revealing trends diseases and treatments, health surveillance, monitoring disease outbreaks.

  1. Assessment of The Role the Allied Health Professional Does, Or Could, Play, In Research and Data Monitoring of Health Care Delivery in The United States.

Allied health professionals provide critical services that enhances and maintains the quality of care they provide to their patients within the settings of their practice. Allied healthcare professionals such as Athletic Training, mmusculoskeletal, injury geriatric, assessment physiotherapist, and Health Care Provider are some of the groups that benefit from research and data monitoring. The first critical importance of the two articles to allied healthcare workers is that they can use the result of the studies to improve patient care and outcomes. These professionals use critical information contained in research studies to create effective treatment plans and solutions based on the findings of critical research studies.


  • Animaw, W., & Seyoum, Y. (2017). Increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus in a developing country and its related factors. PloS one12(11), e0187670.
  • Cowie, C. C., Casagrande, S. S., Menke, A., Cissell, M. A., Eberhardt, M. S., Meigs, J. B., … & Fradkin, J. E. (2018). Diabetes in America.
  • Harding, J. L., Pavkov, M. E., Magliano, D. J., Shaw, J. E., & Gregg, E. W. (2019). Global trends in diabetes complications: a review of current evidence. Diabetologia62(1), 3-16.
  • Noubiap, J. J., Nansseu, J. R., Nyaga, U. F., Nkeck, J. R., Endomba, F. T., Kaze, A. D., … & Bigna, J. J. (2019). Global prevalence of diabetes in active tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of data from 2· 3 million patients with tuberculosis. The Lancet Global Health7(4), e448-e460.
  • Raghavan, S., Vassy, J. L., Ho, Y. L., Song, R. J., Gagnon, D. R., Cho, K., … & Phillips, L. S. (2019). Diabetes mellitus–related all‐cause and cardiovascular mortality in a national cohort of adults. Journal of the American Heart Association8(4), e011295
  • Stokes, A., & Preston, S. H. (2017). Deaths attributable to diabetes in the United States: comparison of data sources and estimation approaches. PloS one12(1), e0170219