Care of patient with HIV Example
Nurse’s Response to Ms. Michaels’ 1st Statement
Foremost, the nurse may need to inform the patient—Ms. Michaels of her status and educate her on what the disease entails. In other words, the nurse in charge may inform the patient that HIV is typically a virus that is contracted from a sexual debut while AIDS is a debilitating condition. Given this, the nurse may recommend counseling to the patient before suggesting the need for her start using antiretroviral drugs in the management and the minimization of the spread of the virus in the body. These therapies play a critical role in slowing down or stopping the progression of the condition (Komlenac & Hochleitner, 2019). If found positive, the relationship between sexual risks and substance abuse behaviors remains amongst the medical and sexual issues that should be addressed in a patient’s treatment plan.
Response to 2nd Statement
The nurse may need to inform the patient that there are no antibiotics for the management of the condition as they may not eradicate the virus. However, the consistent use of antiretroviral drugs may be effective in reducing disease progression. Secondly, the nurse should educate the patient on the fact that the contraction of HIV, if not properly managed, may result in the development of the AIDS virus. AIDS, which is the third stage of HIV infection, often develops when the human body contracts HIV.
The attempts driven towards the modification of the patient’s personal behavior such as changes in the patient’s sexual practices and drug use tends to be a challenging phenomenon; however, the use of this approach plays a vital role in the promotion of positive health and recovery measures. On the other hand, the integration of a family planning program remains one of the successful measures that may be used in the promotion of a positive health and recovery plan for the patient (Corburn & Riley, 2016). This, therefore, reveals that the integration of behavioral interventions may play a significant role in slowing and reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS.
Response to 3rd Statement
The nurse may equally inform the patient that the development and growth of the condition depends on her as the lack of proper use of the antiretroviral medicines may significantly weaken the immune system, making it prone to several diseases. In this regard, there is a need to construe treatment measures that may be used in addressing the established medical issue and sexual health problem. Given the nature of this problem, there is a need for the nurse to establish a proper mental health care approach directed towards addressing the patients’ medical state, efforts that detail the need to integrate appropriate counseling driven towards changing the behavior of the patient in question.
On the other hand, the integration, as well as implementation of a harm-reduction method, would play a vital role in the reduction of problematic use and abuse of substances as well as the problems that are related to the adverse sexual health that include HIV/AIDS (Komlenac & Hochleitner, 2019). These efforts would play a significant role in tooling the patient with the required skills needed in the management of their medical and sexual health issues. In this regard, the nurse plays a central role in educating the patient of her state and construing strategies that may be used in maintaining wellness.
- Corburn, J., & Riley, L. W. (2016). Slum Health : From the Cell to the Street. Oakland, California: University of California Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=1132454&site=ehost-live
- Komlenac, N., & Hochleitner, M. (2019). Male Medical Students’ Gender-Role Conflict Is Associated With Their Discomfort With Dealing With Patients’ Sexual Health Issues. Journal of Sex Research (Vol. 56, pp. 930–936).