Practicum Professional Development Objectives Assignment

Practicum Professional Development Objectives Assignment

Section 2: Practicum Professional Development Objectives Assignment

Refer to the instructions in Week 1 to create practicum professional development objectives that meet the requirements for this course.

Objective 1: Analyze three common barriers to effective communication, then compare and contrast two effective resolution strategies as defined in evidence-based literature.

Objective 2: Contrast units that have success with retention and recruitment of novice nursing staff and those who have high turnover; identifying factors of influence and comparing to peer reviewed literature.

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Assignment 1:

Practicum Professional Experience Plan (PPEP)Success comes from knowing that you did your best to become the best that you are capable of becoming.

— John Wooden, My Personal Best: Life Lessons from an All-American JourneyAs you considered in this week’s Discussion, your experiences in the practicum can provide a vital avenue for professional development.For this Assignment, you develop a Practicum Professional Experience Plan (PPEP) to outline how your involvement in the practicum will contribute to your growth as a professional and allow you to hone your specialization knowledge and skills. The PPEP consists of two or three objectives related to professional development that you will address during your Practicum Experience.

Note: In the practicum manual these are referred to as your individualized learning objectives.To prepare:As necessary, review the information related to developing objectives provided in this week’s Learning Resources.Revisit the objective(s) you crafted for this week’s Discussion, and reflect on the ideas exchanged in this forum. Refine the objective(s) as needed, making sure they reflect the higher-order domains of Bloom’s Taxonomy (i.e., Application level and above). Creating A Practicum Professional Development Objectives Essay Paper. Note: You will be developing two to three professional development objectives for this assignment.Think more deeply about areas for which you would like to gain application-level experience and/or continued professional growth. How can your experiences in the practicum help you achieve these aims?Discuss your professional aims and your proposed practicum professional development objectives with your Preceptor to ascertain if the necessary resources are available at your practicum site.Download and save the Practicum Professional Experience Plan Form provided in this week’s Learning Resources.

To complete your Practicum Professional Experience Plan:Record the required information in each area of the Professional Practicum Experience Plan, including two or three objectives you will use to facilitate your professional development during the practicum.

Objective 3: Develop and prioritize a one-month productivity expense report that will be used to budget upcoming expenditures and incorporate a balanced unit financial statement in accordance with previous budgets and evidence based literature.

Practicum Professional Development Objectives Assignment Resources

Cipriano, P. F., & Murphy, J. (2011). The future of nursing and health IT: The quality elixir. Nursing Economic$, 29(5), 286–289.

Note: Retrieved from the Walden Library databases. “Technology tools will continue to revolutionize how we plan, deliver, document, review, evaluate, and derive the evidence about care” (p. 289). This article examines how nurses can use information technology to transform nursing and redesign the health care system. It focuses on the use of technology to promote quality and notes that technology can also be used to address challenges in education, research, leadership, and policy.

McKimm, J., & Swanwick, T. (2009). Setting learning objectives. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 70(7), 406–409.

Note: Retrieved from the Walden Library databases. This article clarifies the terminology associated with learning objectives and explains how learning objectives relate to professional development and the transformation from novice to expert. It also introduces common pitfalls when setting learning objectives and provides suggestions for avoiding them.Murphy, J. (2011). The nursing informatics workforce: Who are they and what do they do? Nursing Economic$, 29(3), 150–153.

Note: Retrieved from the Walden Library databases. The author examines the nursing informatics workforce, explaining that professionals in this well-established specialty area can play an integral role in transforming health care.Sørensen, E. E., Delmar, C., & Pedersen, B. D. (2011). Leading nurses in dire straits: Head nurses’ navigation between nursing and leadership roles. Journal of Nursing Management, 19(4), 421–430.

Note: Retrieved from the Walden Library databases. “Successful nursing leaders navigate between nursing and leadership roles while nourishing a double identity” (p. 421). In this article, the authors examine how individuals in key professional roles negotiate between and apply nursing and leadership skills.

Nurse Educator Practicum Proposal SAMPLE

Abstract

During the process of becoming a nurse educator, it is important to practice the skills that have been taught throughout the ones education. I have learned many new skills during my education at Ferris State University in the Masters of Science in Nursing program. To accomplish this practice a practicum is established to partner the student with a skilled nurse educator. This practicum gives the student the opportunity to use their new skills under the direction of an experienced preceptor in an environment that is safe and educational. This practicum will take place at Holland Hospital in Holland MI. This paper describes my plan for this practicum experience and what I hope to learn from it.

Nurse Educator Practicum Proposal

Nursing education has a long history that starts with the first nurse educator, Florence Nightingale. Her work helped create the model for nursing education that was used to create the first nurse training school in 1872 (nursingeducationhistory.org, 2012). From these early nursing schools, the profession of nursing educators was created. The profession of nurse educators continues to advance and seek better ways to train novice educators.

Teaching has been described as part art, and part science (Tuli & File, 2009).  The use of a formal practicum helps to develop the novice educator’s skills in a classroom setting. This is not unlike the clinicals that all student nurses complete during their training. A practicum gives the student nurse educator an environment, where they can hone and sharpen the skills needed to be an effective educator, which is safe and monitored (Tuli & File, 2009). Tuli & File also found that teaching expertise is the biggest factor in determining student achievement (2009). The time a nurse educator spends in a practicum helps develop this expertise and contributes to future student achievement

The purpose of this paper is to lay out a plan for a practicum experience that will assist in the development of the skills needed to be an effective nurse educator. Education experience, practicum setting, practicum goals and objectives, clinical project, identification of preceptor, roles and activities, and timeframe will all be discussed.

Education Experience

I started my nurse education journey in 2004 at Grand Rapids Community College (GRCC). I graduated from GRCC in the summer of 2007 with an Associate Degree in Nursing and took a position as a staff nurse to begin honing my bedside nursing skills. I started the Bachelors of Science in Nursing (BSN) at Ferris State University in January of 2010. While working towards my BSN, I was often tasked with orientating new nurses. This was my first experience in educating nurses. During the last semester of my BSN program, I made the decision to pursue a career as a nurse educator. I have taken every opportunity I could to work on my education skills. I have been preceptor to several nursing students who were taking their leadership rotation. I have also volunteered to be a hands-on educator to my fellow coworkers. This practicum is a continuation of my nurse educator education. I completed my BSN in December of 2011 and started my Masters of Science in Nursing (MSN) at Ferris State University in January 2012.

Master of Science Coursework

Throughout my MSN course work I have been developing the knowledge, skills, and attitude needed to achieve the goals for my practicum experience. My course work has included examining current nursing theorists and their impact on nursing practice. I have also assisted in the creation of a class syllabus and developed a lesson based off this syllabus. During this process I have also examined how a student’s culture and ethnic background can affect the way they approach learning. I have studied different learning styles and how to best educate students based on their preferred learning style.

These varied classes have given me a comprehensive education that has focused on teaching others. They have also equipped me with the tools necessary to better understand and assimilate nursing research. The knowledge and skills need to be successful advanced practice nurses have also been taught to me.

Setting

Holland Hospital in Holland MI will be the setting for my practicum experience. The majority of this practicum will occur on the intensive care and telemetry units. This unit is a 22 bed telemetry unit combined with an eight bed intensive care unit. Currently there are approximately 60 staff members consisting of a mix between registered nurses and unit techs.

Other parts of this practicum will occur throughout the hospital.

Goals and Objectives

There will be one goal for this practicum experience to increase personal experience and knowledge though the role of clinical nurse instructor with focus on National League of Nursing The Scope of Practice for Academic Nurse Educators (2012) Competency I: Facilitate Learning and Competency III: Use Assessment and Evaluation Strategies during the fall 2013 semester (Appendix A). To achieve this goal two objectives have been created. The first is to establish a firm understanding of student and instructor roles and responsibilities in the clinical setting during the fall 2013 semester. The second is to further refine the skills necessary to accurately evaluate student performance during clinical setting during the fall 2013 semester.

Due to my lack of experience instructing a group of staff nurses, I feel I need to address the basic competencies of being a nurse educator before I can move towards more advanced competencies. I will be working on two National League for Nursing’s (2012) academic nurse educator competencies during this practicum. The first one is Competency I: Facilitate Learning. Creating an effective learning environment can be a challenge. To facilitate a student’s education I will need to utilize many of the strategies that I have been taught throughout my master’s course work. One of these strategies is to understand and embrace the cultural and ethnic diversity within a learning group. Through previous course work I have learned students have different ideas about the importance of learning and these need to be recognized and understood (Nieto & Bode, 2012). Each person also has their own learning style and teaching needs to accommodate these various styles. Grasha-Riechmann identified six learning styles that are identified and they are: competitive, independent, collaborative, dependent, avoidant and participant (Baykul et. al, 2010).

I will work to tailor my teaching style to meet as many of these learning styles as possible. This will be accomplished by the use of several teaching methods. Some recommended teaching methods are: exams, individual papers, and group presentations (Baykul et. al, 2010). I will need to modify these methods for the hospital setting by creating post-tests and group hands on demonstrations. These methods will be modified using the concepts of “just-in-time” learning. This learning method does away with the traditional classroom lecture and instead delivers the needed content in formats more accessible to the learner (Baruah, 2013). It will also be important for me to recognize my own learning style because an educator often reverts to their own learning style when facing an unknown challenge (Nieto & Bode, 2012).

Based on the learning styles of Grasha-Riechmann I best fit into the participant learning style. This style is described as one where the student takes responsibility for their learning, and is able to be successful self-learners (Baykul et. al, 2010). This learning style results in me preferring to learn on my own time and in my own setting. I do not relay on a formal instructor for much of my learning. This style however, is not one that will work for many other students who need a more traditional learning experience.

The second competency that I will be focusing on is Competency III: Use Assessment and Evaluation Strategies. To evaluate my students I will be using the strategy discussed by Bloom (1956). This strategy looks at three different domains of learning, which are cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains. Bloom (1956) suggests that in order for learning to occur input for all three domains needs to be present. During this practicum I will be focusing on two of these domains. The two domains are cognitive and psychomotor. During this practicum I will be educating critical care nurses on several topics with some being review of previous content and some being new. To assess a nurse’s achievement in the cognitive domain a post test will be created and administered. This will allow me to establish that the nurse has the needed knowledge about the taught subject.

I will also be educating nurses on the use of equipment and proper procedures. This training falls in the psychomotor domain. The nurses I will be educating have various levels of experience with the equipment and teaching will need to be modified. Each nurse will need various amounts of time spent reviewing the task. This can vary form a basic refresher to a complete training session.

Although my main focus will be on competencies I and III I will also gain experience addressing the other competencies as well. For example competency II: Facilitate Learner Development and Socialization will be one such competency that I will gain knowledge in during this practicum. I will be working closely with a group of nurses as they work on mastering the skills they have learned. I will be actively creating an environment that is conducive to learning.

Preceptors

Due too the nature of this practicum two preceptors have been chosen. The main preceptor with whom I will be working with closely is Kara Heck BSN, RN-BC, CCRN. Kara is the nurse educator for the intensive care/ telemetry unit at Holland Hospital. She is tasked with educating and maintaining the competencies of almost 60 nurses and techs. She has been in this role for seven years. During this time she has created and taught many different educational classes at Holland Hospital. Kara’s past and current experience as a nurse educator will be a great asset to my completion of the goals and objectives I have set for myself. Kara is passionate about her role as nurse educator and it is this passion that I feel will assist me to fully embrace this practicum experience. I will be able to rely on her for insight on how to teach my fellow nurses. She will also be a resource for me as I am creating the various educational materials so that I can teach. Another of Kara’s abilities that will serve me well during my practicum is her leadership. Zilembo & Monterosso (2008) found that leadership was the key to a successful practicum experience for student nurses. A preceptor with good leadership skill is able to assist student in development of their new skills and to also give them a real life experience.

This practicum requires the insight of a nurse who has gone through a master’s program.

In order for me to receive the masters prepared nurses view and experience I have recruited a second preceptor for this practicum. My second preceptor is Carolyn Schaefer RN, MS, NEA, BC. Carolyn is the director of all medsurg, intensive care, and telemetry units at Holland Hospital. I will be looking to Carolyn to help me work through the challenges that are unique to masters prepared nurses. Gillanardo (2011) found that one such challenge was the lack of experience in the chosen advanced role prior to graduation. This is one challenge that I hope to diminish with this practicum. Carolyn will assist me in minimizing this challenge through her oversight as I perform many tasks of a typical hospital based nurse educator. Her experience advancing from a bedside nurse to an advance practice nurse will be invaluable as I transition through this practicum experience.

Role and Activities

I will be working closely with my preceptors as I take on various roles throughout this practicum. The role of educator will be central to this practicum. One activity is to teach during critical care education day. During this day I will be taking on the role of educator and teaching my fellow nurses about the use of intra-aortic balloon pumps. I also will be training both nurses and techs in the proper use of the new hospital beds that are being purchased. This will give me the opportunity to teach individuals that are at different levels of medical education.

Beyond the role of educator and student I will also take on the role of evaluator during this practicum. I will be working with my preceptors closely to develop a plan of learning that can be applied to all of our new intensive care nurses. This will be done through the use of an online education program. My role will be to review each piece of the program and to make recommendations on its inclusion or exclusion from the teaching of new nurses. This will assist in the creation of a new online learning module system and will allow the unit to create a more standardized orientation and teaching environment.

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Theoretical Framework

There are many nursing theories that can be applied to this practicum experience and like bedside practice many different theories can be applied to ones nursing practice. My own practice is guided by several nursing theorists one of which is Ida Jean Orlando. Orlando was a pioneer in nursing theory with her Deliberative Nursing Process (Tomey & Alligood, 2006). I have always been drawn to this theory due to its simplicity and scientific nature. Orlando’s theory has led to the modern nursing process of assessment, diagnoses, planning, implementation, and evaluation (Tomey & Alligood, 2006). It is these steps that I will use in this practicum as I work to accomplish my goals. One example of how this theory will be put in to practice during this practicum is during my teaching of intra-aortic balloon pumps (IABP). I envision this project flowing as follows: I will meet with the nurse educator to assess the staff’s current understanding of IABP, I will then diagnose the current gaps in the knowledge base, I will create a plan of education based on these gaps, next I will implement this plan during critical care education day, and last I will evaluate learning and make corrections as needed.

Timeline

This practicum will occur during the fall 2013 semester of Ferris State University. The semester runs from August 26th to December 6th, 2013. The activities for this practicum are spread throughout the allotted time. For a more detailed timeline, please see appendix A.

Evaluation

Evaluation is the final step of a carefully planned nursing process but it is one of the most important. It is during this stage that the creator of the plan is able to assess the effectiveness of the outcomes and determine if the goals have been meet (Urden, Lough, & Stacy, 2012). The evaluation phase also allows the nurse to reflect on any outcome that was not accomplished, and to investigate reasons for its lack of completion.

In order for me to have an effective evaluation I will start with the establishing my goal and outcomes with my preceptors. I will meet with them to discuss my goals and objections so that we can all agree to them. This will allow us to all be in agreement and to understand what the practicum is about. I will also create an evaluation tool that will be filled out by each preceptor and myself. This tool will be based on the National League of Nursing The Scope of Practice for Academic Nurse Educators (2012) Competency I: Facilitate Learning and

Competency III: Use Assessment and Evaluation Strategies. This tool can be found in Appendix B.

Conclusion

This practicum experience is not only a requirement for graduation but it will also expand my understanding and knowledge as a nurse educator. The many projects and experiences that are planned for this practicum will contribute unique learning opportunities. I am looking forward to the challenges that I will face during the practicum and the continued journey to competence as a nurse educator.

Practicum Professional Development Objectives Assignment References

Baruah, H. K. (2013). Just-in-time learning. Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 12(4). 53-57.

Baykul, Y., Gürsel, M., Sulak, H., Ertekin, E., Yazıcı, E., Dülger, O., Aslan, Y., & Büyükkarcı, (2010). A Validity and reliability study of GrashaRiechmann student learning style scale. International Journal of Human and Social Sciences, 5(3), 177-184.

Billings, D. M., & Halstead, J. A., (2009). Teaching in nursing: A guide for faculty. 3rd Ed. St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier.

Bloom B. S. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives, handbook I: The cognitive domain. New York, N.Y.: David McKay Co Inc.

Giallonardo, L. (2011). Master’s-prepared novice? Commentary from a new master’s- prepared graduate. Nursing Leadership, 24(2), 36-37. doi:10.12927.cjnl.2011.22463

National League for Nursing. (2012). The scope of practice for academic nurse educators. New York, NY: National League for Nursing.

Nieto, S. & Bode, P. (2012). Affirming Diversity: The Sociopolitical Context of Multicultural Education. 6th ed. Boston, MA: Pearson.

Tomey, A. M., & Alligood, M. R. (2006). Nursing theorists and their work (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.

Tuli, F. & File, G. (2009). Practicum experience in teacher education. Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences, 5(1). 107-116.

Urden, L. D., Lough, M. E., & Stacy, K. M. (2012). Priorities in critical care nursing (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.

Zilembo, M., & Monterosso, L. (2008). Nursing students’ perceptions of desirable leadership qualities in nurse preceptors: a descriptive survey. Contemporary Nurse: A Journal for the Australian Nursing Profession, 27(2), 194-206. doi:10.5172/conu.2008.27.2.194

Practicum Professional Development Objectives Assignment Appendix A

NURS 730 Practicum Proposal Planning Guide

Purpose Statement: The purpose of this practicum is to start the practical development of the skills necessary to be a successful nurse educator. During this practicum I will work on National League of Nursing The Scope of Practice for Academic Nurse Educators (2012) Competency I: Facilitate Learning and Competency III: Use Assessment and Evaluation Strategies.

Goals Objectives Activities Timeline
Goal 1: Increase personal experience and knowledge of the role of clinical educator with focus on National League of Nursing The Scope of Practice for Academic Nurse Educators (2012) Competency I: Facilitate Learning and Competency III: Use Assessment and Evaluation Strategies during the Fall 2013 semester. 1.1

Create and teach a lesson on the use of Intra-aortic balloon pumps (IABP) during the Fall 2013 semester. (Clinical Project)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.2

Assist educator in the training of employees in regards to new hospital beds during Fall 2013 semester.

 

 

1.3

Assist in the gathering, verifying, and creating of

1.1a

Create a PowerPoint presentation of about one hour in length to teach critical care nurses on the use of IABP.

 

1.1b

Teach critical care nurses in the proper use of the IABP during 5 Critical Care ED days.

 

1.1c

Create and administer a post-test to evaluate IABP learning among the students.

 

1.2a

Utilize previously created training materials to educate staff on proper and safe use of hospital beds

 

 

1.3a

Assist with research on current evidence based practice and

1.1a

To be completed by September 26, 2013.

 

 

1.1b

To be completed by November 8, 2013.

 

 

1.1c

To be completed by September 26, 2013.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.2a

To be completed by November 1, 2013.

 

 

 

 

 

1.3a

To be completed by October 9, 2013

  learning resources for and ICU reference website during the Fall 2013 semester.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.4

Assess and evaluate the learning potential and relevance of several web based critical care learning systems during the Fall 2013 semester.

American Association of Critical Care Nurses current standards of practice for various ICU related nursing tasks.

 

1.3b

Work with educator to create webpages that conform to Holland Hospital standards.

 

1.4a

Meet with preceptor to determine what is needed in a web based learning system

 

1.4b

Create an evaluation tool based on the identified criteria.

 

1.4c

Evaluate each program with the

created tool and report findings to preceptor.

 

 

 

 

 

1.3b

To be completed by October 21, 2013.

 

 

1.4a

To be completed by October 21, 2013.

 

 

1.4b

To be completed by October 30, 2013

 

 

1.4c

To be completed by November 11, 2013.

Practicum Professional Development Objectives Assignment Appendix B

Nurse Educator Practicum Evaluation

Please rate the attainment of each NLN competency 1 = Needs Improvement

2 = Meets Expectations 3= Exceeds Expectations

Competency I: Facilitate Learning Grade Comments
Implements a variety of teaching strategies appropriate to learner needs, desired Learner outcomes, content, and context    
Recognizes multicultural, gender, and experiential influences on teaching and learning    
Engages in self-reflection and continued learning to improve teaching practices that facilitate learning    
Uses information technologies skillfully to support the teaching-learning process    
Practices skilled oral, written, and electronic communication that reflects an awareness of self and others, along with an ability to convey ideas in a variety of contexts    

Creates opportunities for learners to develop their critical thinking and critical reasoning skills    
Shows enthusiasm for teaching, learning, and nursing that inspires and motivates students    
Demonstrates interest in and respect for learners    
Uses personal attributes to facilitate learning    
Maintains the professional practice knowledge base needed to help learners prepare for contemporary nursing practice    

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Competency III: Use Assessment and Evaluation Strategies  

Grade

 

Comments

Uses extant literature to develop evidence-based assessment and evaluation practices    
Uses a variety of strategies to assess and evaluate learning in the cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains    

Practicum Professional Development Objectives Assignment

Implements evidence-based assessment and evaluation strategies that are appropriate to the learner and to learning goals    
Uses assessment and evaluation data to enhance the teaching-learning process    
Provides timely, constructive, and thoughtful feedback to learners    
Demonstrates skill in the design and use of tools for assessing clinical practice.    

Practicum Professional Development Objectives Assignment Appendix C

Practicum Professional Development Objectives Assignment Bibliography

American Association of Critical Care Nurses. (2013). Standards. Retrieved from http://www.aacn.org/WD/Practice/Content/standards.content?menu=Practice

Billings, D. M., & Halstead, J. A., (2009). Teaching in nursing: A guide for faculty. 3rd Ed. St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier.

Giallonardo, L. (2011). Master’s-prepared novice? Commentary from a new master’s- prepared graduate. Nursing Leadership, 24(2), 36-37. doi:10.12927.cjnl.2011.22463

National League for Nursing. (2012). The scope of practice for academic nurse educators. New York, NY: National League for Nursing.

Nieto, S. & Bode, P. (2012). Affirming Diversity: The Sociopolitical Context of Multicultural Education. 6th ed. Boston, MA: Pearson.

Tomey, A. M., & Alligood, M. R. (2006). Nursing theorists and their work (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.

Urden, L. D., Lough, M. E., Stacy, K. M. (2012). Priorities in critical care nursing (6th ed.). St.Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.

Practicum Professional Development Objectives Assignment Appendix D