NUR 700 Theory Selection and Critical Analysis Assignment

NUR 700 Theory Selection and Critical Analysis Assignment

NUR 700 Theory Selection and Critical Analysis Assignment

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Abstract

Objective : This study aimed to assess the application of the Betty Neuman systems model to the care of patient/clients with multiple sclerosis.
Methods : This clinical study resulted from the application of the nursing process to a patient/client admitted with multiple sclerosis in the neurological ward of a hospital in an urban area of Iran.
Results : A patient/client was evaluated according to the Neuman model. Intrapersonal stressors (physiological, psychological, socio-cultural, and spiritual), interpersonal stressors (being away from family and children) and extra-personal stressors (aggression and psychological pressure from the spouse) were found. Based on the examination, 12 nursing diagnoses based on the taxonomy of the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association International, and nursing care based on three levels of prevention that are important in the view of Neuman, are presented. The results were used in the classification of nursing interventions and the classification and nursing outcomes respectively.
Conclusions : The results suggest the desirability of care and patient/client satisfaction in the evaluation of nursing care based on the Neuman model. The model can be used as a framework to help nurses care for patients/clients. Thus, the application of this model and other models is recommended in the nursing care of patients/clients.

https://doi.org/10.1177%2F2055217317726798

High nursing workload is a common occurrence in the nursing profession, and excessive workload has adverse effect on both the patient and the nurse. High workloads negatively impact patient outcomes and make nurses to feel anxious, stressed and dissatisfied with their work. Since heavy workloads are caused by inadequate staffing, future actions that can be taken include training and employment of more nurses to bridge the demand and gap along with improving work environment to avert nurse turnover. The purpose of this assignment is to identify, explore and analyze a nursing theory that could be used as a framework for directing these future actions.

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The system models

The system model is a nursing theory based on the relationships of an individual to stress, the reaction to stress.  The theory was developed in 1971 by Betty Neuman.  According to Cherry and Jacob (2018), the theory concentrates on the reaction of the system of the client to possible or real external or internal environmental stressors and the utilization of numerous levels of…

 

Structure and Application of Contemporary Nursing Knowledge

Theory Selection and Critical Analysis

For this assignment you will explore, identify, and critically analyze, a theory that could be used as a framework for directing the future actions you identified in the Ways of Knowing assignment (Refer to order #219125). In addition, you will professionally reflect on your critical analysis and describe how exposure to a theory may lead an individual to think differently about their own experience, professional role, and future directions of their work.

NUR 700 Theory Selection and Critical Analysis Assignment Guidelines:

To begin this assignment you will first select a theory. The theory can be either borrowed or from the discipline of nursing. After you select the theory, you will address each of the items below in a written scholarly paper. The items reflect the processes involved in forming a complete description of a theory as discussed in Chapter 8 of Chinn and Kramer “Knowledge Development in Nursing: Theory and Process, 9th ed.”

1. Begin this assignment with an introduction. The introduction should include a discussion that provides:
• A brief succinct overview of the professional experience and future actions discussed in the Ways of Knowing assignment.
• A statement that explains the purpose of the assignment (e.g., The purpose of this assignment is to……).
2. After your introduction, discuss the following content using appropriate APA level headings:
• Description of the Theory – Provide the name of the theory. Identify if the theory is borrowed, or if from the discipline of nursing. Then, identify the author of the theory, and the date the theory was established. Utilize primary rather than secondary resources.
• Purpose of the Theory – Provide a descriptive summary of the purpose of the theory. In your summary specifically speak to the context and situations in which the theory is useful. In your summary clearly identify how the purpose of this theory is linked to the future actions you identified in the Ways of Knowing assignment.
• Concepts of the Theory – Provide a descriptive summary of the concepts (words or groups of words that represent objects, properties, and / or events) within the theory. In your summary clearly identify how the concepts are linked to the future actions you identified in the Ways of Knowing assignment.
• Definitions in the Theory – Provide a clear definition for each concept that was identified. The definitions should be presented in conceptual terms within the context of the theory.
• Relationships in the Theory – Provide a descriptive summary of the linkages among and between the concepts associated with the theory.
• Structure of the Theory – Provide a clear description of the structure of the theory (choose from one of the examples on pg 195 of Chinn and Kramer). In your description clearly identify how you arrived at your conclusion.
• Assumptions in the Theory – Provide a clear description of the assumptions associated with the theory. In your description clearly identify if the assumptions are factual assumptions or value assumptions. Also in your description clearly speak to how the exposure to differing assumptions may open new perceptions with regards to going “outside of the box” of common practice and procedures.
• Application to Professional Practice – Provide a descriptive summary your critical analysis findings. In your summary thoroughly discuss the application of the theory in terms of providing guidance for the future actions identified in the Ways of Knowing assignment.
3. End your paper with a conclusion. The conclusion should present a brief summary of the key takeaway points of the paper. The conclusion should not present any new information.

Scholarly Writing Guidelines:

1. Grammar, spelling, and APA writing style will be graded according to doctoral level expectations. Please proofread carefully.
2. Your paper should be double-spaced with one inch margins, and include:
a. A title page and a reference page (Note: all in-text citations and sources listed on the reference page should be according to APA 6th edition).
b. Times New Roman 12 pt font throughout entire document.
c. Page numbers.
d. A running head.
e. APA 6th edition formatted subject level headings.

 

Structure and Application of Contemporary Nursing Knowledge

Theory Selection and Critical Analysis

 

For this assignment you will explore, identify, and critically analyze, a theory that could be used as a framework for directing the future actions you identified in the Ways of Knowing assignment.  In addition, you will professionally reflect on your critical analysis and describe how exposure to a theory may lead an individual to think differently about their own experience, professional role, and future directions of their work. NUR 700 Theory Selection and Critical Analysis Assignment

Assignment Guidelines:

To begin this assignment you will first select a theory.  The theory can be either borrowed or from the discipline of nursing.  After you select the theory, you will address each of the items below in a written scholarly paper.  The items reflect the processes involved in forming a complete description of a theory as discussed in Chapter 8 of Chinn and Kramer “Knowledge Development in Nursing: Theory and Process, 9th ed.”

 

  1. Begin this assignment with an introduction. The introduction should include a discussion that provides:
  • A brief succinct overview of the professional experience and future actions discussed in the Ways of Knowing
  • A statement that explains the purpose of the assignment (e.g., The purpose of this assignment is to……).
  1. After your introduction, discuss the following content using appropriate APA level headings:
  • Description of the Theory – Provide the name of the theory. Identify if the theory is borrowed, or if from the discipline of nursing.  Then, identify the author of the theory, and the date the theory was established. Utilize primary rather than secondary resources.
  • Purpose of the Theory – Provide a descriptive summary of the purpose of the theory. In your summary specifically speak to the context and situations in which the theory is useful.  In your summary clearly identify how the purpose of this theory is linked to the future actions you identified in the Ways of Knowing
  • Concepts of the Theory – Provide a descriptive summary of the concepts (words or groups of words that represent objects, properties, and / or events) within the theory. In your summary clearly identify how the concepts are linked to the future actions you identified in the Ways of Knowing
  • Definitions in the Theory – Provide a clear definition for each concept that was identified. The definitions should be presented in conceptual terms within the context of the theory.
  • Relationships in the Theory – Provide a descriptive summary of the linkages among and between the concepts associated with the theory.
  • Structure of the Theory – Provide a clear description of the structure of the theory (choose from one of the examples on pg 195 of Chinn and Kramer). In your description clearly identify how you arrived at your conclusion.
  • Assumptions in the Theory – Provide a clear description of the assumptions associated with the theory. In your description clearly identify if the assumptions are factual assumptions or value assumptions.  Also in your description clearly speak to how the exposure to differing assumptions may open new perceptions with regards to going “outside of the box” of common practice and procedures.
  • Application to Professional Practice – Provide a descriptive summary your critical analysis findings. In your summary thoroughly discuss the application of the theory in terms of providing guidance for the future actions identified in the Ways of Knowing
  1. End your paper with a conclusion. The conclusion should present a brief summary of the key takeaway points of the paper.  The conclusion should not present any new information.

Scholarly Writing Guidelines:

  1. Grammar, spelling, and APA writing style will be graded according to doctoral level expectations. Please proofread carefully.
  2. Your paper should be double-spaced with one inch margins, and include:
    1. A title page and a reference page (Note: all in-text citations and sources listed on the reference page should be according to APA 6th edition).
    2. Times New Roman 12 pt font throughout entire document.
    3. Page numbers.
    4. A running head.
    5. APA 6th edition formatted subject level headings.

Rubric: 

Criteria and Total points Student Points
Introduction = 3 points·         Provided a brief succinct overview of the professional experience and future actions discussed in the Ways of Knowing assignment (2 points) NUR 700 Theory Selection and Critical Analysis Assignment

 

·         Stated the purpose of the assignment (1 point)

Components of Complete Description of a Theory = 40 points·         Description of the Theory – Provided the name of the theory.  Identified if the theory is borrowed, or if from the discipline of nursing.  Identified the author of the theory, and the date the theory was established. Utilize primary rather than secondary resources. (4 points)

 

·         Purpose of the Theory – Provided a descriptive summary of the purpose of the theory.  Specifically spoke to the context and situations in which the theory is useful.  Clearly identified how the purpose of this theory is linked to the future actions identified in the Ways of Knowing assignment (6 points)

·         Concepts of the Theory – Provided a descriptive summary of the concepts within the theory.  Clearly identified how the concepts are linked to the future actions you identified in the Ways of Knowing assignment (6 points)

·         Definitions in the Theory – Provided a clear definition for each concept that was identified.  The definitions are presented in conceptual terms within the context of the theory (4 points)

·         Relationships in the Theory – Provided a descriptive summary of the linkages among and between the concepts associated with the theory (4 points)

·         Structure of the Theory – Provided a clear description of the structure of the theory with a sound rationale (4 points)

 

·         Assumptions in the Theory – Provided a clear description of the assumptions associated with the theory.  Clearly identify if the assumptions are factual assumptions or value assumptions.  Clearly addressed how the exposure to differing assumptions may open new perceptions with regards to going “outside of the box” of common practice and procedures (6 points)

 

·         Application to Professional Practice – Provided a descriptive summary of the critical analysis findings.  Thoroughly discussed the application of the theory in terms of providing guidance for the future actions identified in the Ways of Knowing assignment (6 points)

Conclusion = 2 points 

·         Provided a brief summary of the key takeaway points of the paper (2 points)

Scholarly Writing = 10 points 

·         Demonstrated appropriate grammar, spelling, and APA writing style (5 points)

·         Paper is double-spaced with one inch margins, and includes (5 points):

a.       A title page and a reference page.

b.      All in-text citations and sources listed on the reference page are formatted according to APA 6th edition.

c.       Times New Roman 12 pt font is throughout entire document.

d.      Page numbers are included.

e.      A running head is present.

f.        APA 6th edition formatted subject level headings are included.

Total Points Possible =   55 points

 

Theory Selection and Critical Analysis Assignment

Introduction

High nursing workload is a common occurrence in the nursing profession, and excessive workload has adverse effect on both the patient and the nurse. High workloads negatively impact patient outcomes and make nurses to feel anxious, stressed and dissatisfied with their work. Since heavy workloads are caused by inadequate staffing, future actions that can be taken include training and employment of more nurses to bridge the demand and gap along with improving work environment to avert nurse turnover. The purpose of this assignment is to identify, explore and analyze a nursing theory that could be used as a framework for directing these future actions. NUR 700 Theory Selection and Critical Analysis Assignment

The system models

The system model is a nursing theory based on the relationships of an individual to stress, the reaction to stress.  The theory was developed in 1971 by Betty Neuman.  According to Cherry and Jacob (2018), the theory concentrates on the reaction of the system of the client to possible or real external or internal environmental stressors and the utilization of numerous levels of nursing deterrence intervention for the attainment, retention, and maintenance of optimal wellness of the client. Neuman emphasizes that nursing should be concerned with prevention of stress invasion.  If the nurse fails to prevent stress, then he or she should safeguard the basic structure of the client and attain or sustain a maximum degree of wellness.

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The purpose of theory

Neuman’s systems model provides a useful perspective of nursing in adversities. As Alligood (2017) indicates, the system model focuses on work environment stressors and reacting ton them. The theory was is comprehensive training model as well as a framework for organization of nursing knowledge since its establishment. This models exclusively focuses on the well-being of the client or the system of the client concerning environmental stress and response to stress.  In some instances, the client or client system acts as the subject that is experiencing stress and at times as a defending factor.  Since the theory focuses on environmental stressors and how reacting to them, it relates to the future actions in that heavy nursing workloads are work environment stressors that affect nurses and influence patient outcomes.  A way of reacting to these stressors is by training more nurses to avert nursing shortages and heavy nursing workloads.

Concepts of the theory

The systems model connects the four fundamental concepts of nursing, health, person, and the environment. As Jukes (2014) alleges the individual is seen as an open system interacting with its external and internal environment to attain equilibrium between disrupting factors or stressors. Neuman defines the support offered by nurses as intervention and people need nursing intervention if they are incapable of coping with environmental stressors. Any intervention aims at lessening the negative stressors influencing the individual and promotion of an optimal degree of functioning, stability, and wellness. for Neuman, the environment, the disease/ health process, and society dynamically and mutually interrelate, and nursing is involved in this context. Therefore, from the future actions in the ways of knowing assignment, the actions are based on responding to work environ stressors influencing nurses so as to improve health outcomes of the patients. Through adequate staffing and improving working environments, nurses can be able to offer safe and quality care and promote patient outcomes.

Definition of concepts

The system model theory defines the concepts of nursing, environment, and person. Neuman defines nursing as a distinct profession concerned relationship between all variables (sociocultural, developmental, psychological, physiological and spiritual) influencing a client’s actual or potential response to stressors. The client/ client system refers to a person since the model focuses on wellness and promoting a collaborative association amid the nurse and the client.  Environment is defined as all external and internal factors surrounding and influencing the client/ client system. Health is a condition of degree or condition of system stability.  (Fitzpatrick, 2017).

Relationships in the theory

Relationships are the connections between and among concepts. The system model portrays a nurse a person who actively participates with the patient and is concerned with the variables influencing a person’s reaction to stressors. The client/patient is a give-and-take relationship with the environment since he interrelates with the environment by modifying himself to the environment or adjusting the environment to himself (Alligood, 2017).

Structure in the theory

The system model follows a rigorous and creative structuring of ideas projecting a purposeful, tentative and purposeful view of a phenomenon.  The theory is purposeful in that it specifies the situations and contexts in which it is useful. purposes in the theory can be applicable to individuals, groups or society and it is examinable for purposes that are suitable for the nurse, and the individual receiving care/ client. The system model theory describes concepts and how they interrelate and also offers definitions of concepts to verify the abstraction nature that the theorist posits in a manner that other people can understand.

Assumptions in the theory

The assumptions of the system model are that a person/ client is an open scheme that interrelates with the environment in order to promote balance and harmony amid the external and internal environment. The person is a compound od variables that are seen as portions of the totality. Ideally the system of the client successfully adjusts to external and internal environmental stressors, thus maintaining the usual level of wellness or system stability. Provided support factors exist, the client system consistently regulates self through making modifications as required in attaining, retaining and maintaining stability for the optimum state of health (Masters, 2013). Exposure to the differing assumptions might open new perceptions, in that they can guide the nursing practice because it permits the nurse to take actions that are specifically geared to stressors that influence the stability of the nursing care.

Application of the system model to professional practice

The systems model is both a grand theory and a conceptual model. As Alligood (2017) claims a conceptual model offers a reference frame and a grand theory suggests testable action or direction. As a model, it offers a conceptual framework for the nursing education, research and practice. As a grand theory, the system model suggests schemes of understanding nursing phenomena as well as nursing actions that are presumed to be factual but might form suggestions for testing. The system model theory can provide guidance for educating more nurses to ensure adequate staffing and consequently enable nurses not to experience adverse effects of heavy overload. Additionally, the theory can offer guidance on how the working environment can be improved to prevent nurse burnout, absenteeism, and turnover.

Conclusion

The system model is a unique nursing theory that focuses on a variety of nursing concerns can be approached. theory concentrates on the reaction of the system of the client to possible or real external or internal environmental stressors and the utilization of numerous levels of nursing deterrence intervention for the attainment, retention, and maintenance of optimal wellness of the client. The model views the primary concern of nursing as defining suitable actions to be taken is stressful situations. The theory may be useful in directing nurses to take actions and make decisions that facilitate interventions that assist in responding to stressors.

References – NUR 700 Theory Selection and Critical Analysis Assignment

Alligood, M. (2017).  Nursing Theorists and Their Work. Philadelphia:   Elsevier Health Sciences.

Cherry, B., Jacob, S.  (2018). Contemporary Nursing: Issues, Trends, & Management.  Philadelphia: Elsevier Health Sciences.

Fitzpatrick, J., (2017). Encyclopedia of Nursing Research.  New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Jukes, M (2014). Learning Disability Nursing Practice.  England, UK: Andrews UK Limited.

Masters, K. (2013). Nursing Theories: A Framework for Professional Practice.  Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

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