NR 603 Week 2 Pulmonary Case Discussion: Part One

NR 603 Week 2 Pulmonary Case Discussion: Part One

NR 603 Week 2 Pulmonary Case Discussion: Part One

(NR 603 Week 2 Case)

The purpose of this assignment is for students to:

  1. Improve their ability to formulate diagnoses based on clinical presentation of patients
  2. Improve their ability to understand and apply National Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of Pulmonary disorders

Activity Learning Outcomes:

Through this discussion, the student will demonstrate the ability to:

  1. Utilize healthcare delivery system resources in a fiscally responsible manner in the diagnosis and treatment of patients and families across the lifespan. (PO 5)
  2. Develop management plans based on current scientific evidence and national guidelines. (PO 5)
  3. Educate patients on treatment decisions (WO1)
  4. Select an evidence-based article to support the plan of care for the case study patient. (WO2)
  5. Analyze national guidelines and apply them to specific case study situations. (WO3)
  6. Review appropriate antibiotic prescribing guidelines. (WO4)

ORDER YOUR NR 603 Week 2 Pulmonary Case Discussion: Part One

Requirements – NR 603 Week 2 Pulmonary Case Discussion: Part One

Setting: A free medical clinic that provides health care for the under-insured.Your next patient, Michelle G., age 40, is a regular of the clinic and the last patient of the day. The chart states she is here for recent episodes of shortness of breath.

You enter the room and Michelle G is … in work clothes, standing up looking at a health poster on the wall. You introduce yourself and ask her what brings her to the clinic today. “I think I may have a cold. I’ve been having a hard time breathing on and off lately.”

“I realize I’m short of breath most of the time at work, but by the time I come home, I feel good.” I don’t recall any instances of shortness of breath on weekends. But after a few hours back at work, I find myself struggling to recover my breath. This happened a few months ago, and it was so awful that I left work and went to urgent care, where they gave me some type of breathing treatment and sent me home on antibiotics. Please provide another antibiotic to me. She denies having sputum. There were no novel allergy triggers discovered. She denies having heartburn.

PMHx: Michelle G. reports her overall health as good.

Childhood/previous illnesses: eczema as a child

Chronic illnesses: Has seasonal allergies, spring is her worst season. Was seen by an allergy specialist ten years ago, Took allergy shots for five years with great results, now only takes Zyrtec when needed.

Surgeries: Cholecystectomy

Hospitalizations: childbirth x 3.

Immunizations: up-to-date on all vaccinations.

Allergies: Strawberries-Rash; erythromycin- severe GI upset.

Blood transfusions: none

Drinks alcohol socially, smoked 1 pack per week for 3 years in her 20’s. Denies illicit drug use.

Sleeps 6 to 7 hours a night. Exercises four to five days per week.

Current medications: Multivitamin, Zyrtec

Social History: Married, lives with husband and 3 children. Worked in advertising up until 18 months ago when she got laid off. In order to help with the household finances she took a job as a Baker’s assistant at an Artisan Bread Bakery. She arrives at 4 a.m. every morning to begin baking breads/pastries for the day.

Family History: Children are healthy- daughter currently has a sinus infection. Parents are deceased. Mother at age 80 from congestive heart failure. Father died at age 82 from lung cancer, diagnosed when metastasized to brain. PGM: died from unknown causes, PGF: Stroke at age 82. MGM: died at 83, had HTN, atherosclerosis and many heart attacks. PGF: died at 71 from complications of COPD.

PE: Height 5’10”, Weight 140 pounds

Vital signs : BP 130/70, T 98.0, P 75, R 18 Sao2 98% on RA

General: 40-year-old Caucasian female appears stated age in no apparent distress. Alert, oriented, and cooperative. Able to speak in full sentences and does not appear breathless. Skin: Skin warm, dry, and intact. Skin color is pale pink, no cyanosis or pallor.

HEENT: Head normo-cephalic. Hair thick and distribution even throughout scalp.

Eyes: Sclera clear. Conjunctiva: white, PERRLA, EOMs intact.

Ears: Tympanic membranes gray and intact with light reflex noted. Pinna and tragus non-tender

Nose: Nares patent with thin white exudate noted. Mucosa appears boggy and pale. Deviated septum noted. Sinuses non-tender to palpation.

Throat: Oropharynx pink, moist, no lesions or exudate. Tonsils 1+ bilaterally. Teeth in good repair, no cavities noted. Tongue smooth, pink, no lesions, protrudes in midline. Neck supple. No cervical lymphadenopathy or tenderness noted. Thyroid midline, small and firm without palpable masses.

Lungs: Lungs clear to auscultation bilaterally. Respirations unlabored. Slight wheezing noted inspiration and on forced expiration. Wheezing does not clear with forced cough.

CV: Heart S1 and S2 noted, RRR, no murmurs noted, no displaced PMI. Peripheral pulses equal bilaterally, no peripheral edema

Abdomen: Abdomen round, soft, with bowel sounds noted in all four quadrants. No organo-megaly noted.

Diagnostic Testing:

Review of the patient’s EMR reveals an old CXR from last winter when she had Bronchitis.

CXR Report: 11/7/2016

This is a PA and lateral chest radiograph on Ms. Michelle X, performed on 11/7/16. Clinical information: low grade fever, productive cough, malaise.

Findings: Cardio-mediastinal silhouette is normal. B/L lung fields are clear. There are no effusions. The bony thorax appears normal. No opacities or fluid. Diaphragm normal.

Impression: Normal chest radiograph without pathology.…….

You suspect an obstructive/restrictive process and order Pulmonary Function Testing

Pre-Bronchodilator Challenge- FEV1/FVC 60%, FVC decreased

Post Bronchodilator Challenge- FEV1/FVC 75%

Discussion Questions Part One:

  • What is your primary … for Michelle given pattern of occurrence of symptoms, exam results, and recent history? Include the rationale and a reference for your diagnoses.
  • What is your first-line treatment plan for Michelle including medications, labs, education, referrals, and follow-up? Identify the drug class of each medication you prescribe and exactly what symptom it is … to address.
  • Address Michelle’s request for an antibiotic.

  • What clinical decision did the NP make?
  • What benefit would a peak flow meter offer? Should this … included?
  • NR 603 Week 2 Pulmonary Case Discussion: Part One

NR 603 Week 2 Case Study Discussions Pulmonary And Infectious Conditions In Primary Care Recent

NR 603 Week 2 Pulmonary and Infectious Conditions in Primary Care.

Week 2 Case Study Discussions – Pulmonary

Part 1, Part 2 & Part 3 (Summary in SOAP Format)

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