Guidelines for Critically Appraising Research Problems

Guidelines for Critically Appraising Research Problems

Guidelines for Critically Appraising Research Problems

 

The focus of this assignment is for you to write a PICOT using the PICOT template. You will also identify articles that relate to your PICOT. Further, you will have an opportunity to do a basic critique of one of the quantitative articles that is included in your identified articles.

By now you should realize that research is ongoing and there is often new or more information available. We realize you developed a PICOT question in MSN 600 and did part of this assignment. Now it is time to take it to another step and look at your subject deeper. If you liked your question, you may use it again here. It is now time to improve your question, do so now. If you do not like your question, start afresh. Researchers typically modify their research question many times before they finalize it. Choose a problem or issue that you anticipate within your future advanced nursing role. Describe this problem in 5 sentences or less. You will be able to use it in the next assignment and in future courses.
Formulate your question using the PICOT format. For those of you in clinical concentrations (NPs), your question needs to be a clinical question. The NEL and NED students may develop a question within their concentration’s focus. This question will drive the literature search for your issue.
To support and assist in choosing and writing your PICOT in question 1 of this discussion board, you should have reviewed a minimum of 6-10 articles with at least one being a quantitative design. List the 6-10 articles here as a response to this #3 question. The articles should be in alphabetical order and each article should be listed as a full citation using the APA format.
Choose one of those articles cited in #3 above that is a quantitative article and use Polit and Beck (2020), Box 4.3 – Guidelines for Critically Appraising Research Problems, Research Questions, and Hypotheses on page 65. Answer each of the 8 questions and discuss the relationship of this article to your PICOT.

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Short Definitions of Different Types of Questions Intervention/Therapy: Questions addressing the treatment of an illness or disability. Etiology: Questions addressing the causes or origins of disease (i.e., factors that produce or predispose toward a certain disease or disorder). Diagnosis: Questions addressing the act or process of identifying or determining the nature and cause of a disease or injury through evaluation. Prognosis/Prediction: Questions addressing the prediction of the course of a disease. Meaning: Questions addressing how one experiences a phenomenon.

Sample Questions: Intervention: In African-­‐American female adolescents with hepatitis B (P), how does acetaminophen (I) compared to ibuprofen (C) affect liver function (O)? Therapy: In children with spastic cerebral palsy (P), what is the effect of splinting and casting(I) compared to constraint-­‐ induced therapy (C) on two-­‐handed skill development (O)? Prognosis/Prediction: 1) For patients 65 years and older (P), how does the use of an influenza vaccine (I) compared to not received the vaccine (C) influence the risk of developing pneumonia (O) during flu season (T)? 2) In patients who have experienced an acute myocardial infarction (P), how does being a smoker (I) compared to a non-­‐smoker (C) influence death and infarction rates (O) during the first 5 years after the myocardial infarction (T)? Diagnosis: In middle-­‐aged males with suspected myocardial infarction (P), are serial 12-­‐lead ECGs (I) compared to one initial 12-­‐lead ECG (C) more accurate in diagnosing an acute myocardial infarction (O)? Etiology: Are 30-­‐ to 50-­‐year-­‐old women (P) who have high blood pressure (I) compared with those without high blood pressure (C) at increased risk for an acute myocardial infarction (O) during the first year after hysterectomy (T)? Meaning: How do young males (P) with a diagnosis of below the waist paralysis (I) perceive their interactions with their romantic significant others (O) during the first year after their diagnosis (T)?

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