Case Study Essay on Iron Deficiency
Case Study Essay on Iron Deficiency
-Analyze current evidence-based treatment modalities specific to the aging population and include evidence-based treatment guidelines for iron deficiency,
-Conduct an evidence-based literature search to identify the most recent standards of care/treatment modalities from peer-reviewed articles and professional association guidelines.
Include the following in your clinical case presentation:
- A discussion of the pathophysiology of the disease, including signs and symptoms
- An explanation of diagnostic testing and rationales for each
- A review of different evidence-based treatment modalities for the disorder obtained from guideline.gov or a professional organization such as thyroid (American Thyroid Association, OB-GYN (ACOG), urology (AUA), etc.
Next, address the following questions:
- How does the information in this case inform the practice of a master’s prepared nurse?
- How should the master’s prepared nurse use this information to design a patient education session for someone with this condition?
- What was the most important information presented in this case?
- What was the most confusing or challenging information presented in this case?
- Discuss a patient safety issue that can be addressed for a patient with the condition presented in this case.
The use of medical terminology and appropriate graduate level writing is expected.
Excerpt from Case Study Essay on Iron Deficiency Essay :
Anemia Case Study
The circumstances and preliminary workup in Ms. A’s case indicates that she is suffering from a certain type of anemia. Even though she is an apparently healthy woman, Ms. A’s conditions worsen during her menstruation period. Generally, anemia is a condition that is brought by the impaired or increased generation of erythrocytes and is also known as iron poor blood. Athletes who engage in endurance training such as Ms. A are sometimes faced with the likelihood of developing anemia. Given the circumstances and laboratory test results of Ms. A, there is need to identify the specific type of anemia she is suffering from through proper diagnosis in order to provide the most suitable treatment.
Based on the evidence presented in this case, Ms. A is suffering from iron-deficiency anemia, which is a common type of anemia brought by decrease in iron concentration in blood and the levels of hemoglobin. Harper, Conrad & Besa (2016) state that this kind of anemia develops when an individual’s body stores minimal iron that cannot support the normal production of red blood cells. This type of anemia is usually a by-product of several factors including inadequate intake of iron, insufficient iron storage, and significant loss of iron. The extreme loss of iron that contributes to iron-deficiency anemia is sometimes caused by bleeding and loss of body iron in the urine. Some of the most common signs and symptoms of iron-deficiency anemia include cold intolerance, fatigue, poor academic performance, changed behavior, reduced capability to carry out hard labor, and leg cramps.
Rationale for Ms. A’s Diagnosis
One of the reasons for diagnosing Ms. A with iron deficiency anemia is her low levels of hemoglobin, reticulocyte, hematocrit, and erythrocyte. Her levels of these different aspects are below the basic levels of a healthy status and are general signs of anemic status. Additionally, there are signs of decreased oxygen supply in the cells as shown by increased heart and respiratory rates, low blood pressure, and elevated temperatures. According to the American Society of Hematology (n.d.), an individual is diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia if he/she exhibits certain signs include low hemoglobin levels, low hematocrit levels, and low iron saturation. Since these signs are evident in Ms. A’s situation, especially low hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, she is suffering from iron deficiency anemia.
Secondly, Ms A’s chronic menorrhagia that has lasted for nearly 12 years is one…
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